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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's 15-cm Kanone 39
15-cm K 39

Krupp developed and produced the K 39 for Turkey in the late 1930s. It was to have a split trail carriage and a portable turntable. Two of the batches were delivered in 1939.

With the outbreak of war, there was no longer any easy ways for Turkey to receive further shipments. The German army found that it needed as many field weapons as possible and took the K 39 into service.

Usage

The Germans primarily used the gun on it's carriage as it allowed enough traverse.

However, when the turntable was used, the spread trails were secured to the all steel turntable. The whole gun, including the carriage, could then be moved around the turntable by a hand crank.

Ammunition

A large stock of ammunition that had been intended for Turkey was used. It used a three charge system with a high explosive and semi-armor piercing shells that Turkey had intended to use against warhips.

Production

Only about 40 were produced and were regulated to training units and eventually to the Atlantic Wall.

  15 cm Kanone 39
Caliber 5.87"
149.1 mm
Length of gun 27' 0.8"
8.25 m
Length of bore  
Rifling  
Weight traveling 40,305 lb
18,282 kg
Weight in action 26,896 lb
12,200 kg
Elevation -4° to +45°
Traverse Turntable: 360°
Carriage: 60°
Muzzle Velocity 2,838'/sec
865 m/sec
Range of shell 27,010 yards
24,700 m
Shell weight 94.8 lb
43 kg
Breech mechanism  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, 1998, Chris Bishop
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site