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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Glossary

As with any translation of a language into another language, it can never be exact. But hopefully these are pretty close. You won't find all these phrases used in this web site, but you might run across them in reading.

German Word / Phrase Abbreviation English Translation
Abteilung Abt Battalion in size with artillery.
Company to regiment in size with other arms.
Detachment, battalion.
Armee   Army
Armeegruppe   Army Group
Aufklärungs Aufkl Reconnaissance
Auftrag   A mission.
Ausbildung   Training
Ausführung Ausf A different model or mark of a vehicle. Variant.
Bataillonführerswagen   Battalion commander's vehicle
Bataillon, Bataillone Btl, Batl Battalion, Battalions
Batterie Bt, Bttr Battery
Befelswagen Bef.Wg. Command vehicle
Beobachtung, Beobachtungswagen Beob. Wg. Observation.
Bergepanzer   Armored recovery vehicle.
Betriebsstoff   Fuel, Gasoline.
Brigaden   Brigade
Brukenleger   Bridgelayer
Brücken Kolonne Brüko Bridging column.
Deutsche (d) German.
Dienst   Service
Divisionen   Division
Divisions Nachschub Führer DiNaFü Divisional commander of supply units.
Divisions Verpflegungsamt DVA Divisional food supply office.
Druckerei   Printing
Durchbruchswagen   Breakthrough vehicle
Einheitwaffentrager   Weapons Carrier
Eisenbahnlafette   A railway mounting for heavy artillery piece.
Ergänzung Ergz Support.
Ersatz   Replacement.
Ersatzheer   Replacement army.
Ersatzteil   Spare part.
Fahrgestell Fgst Chassis.
Feld   Field.
Feldersatz   Field replacement.
Feldgendarmerie   Military police.
Feldhaubitze FH, F.H. Field howitzer.
Feldheer   Field Army
Feldlazarett   Field hospital.
Feldpost   Field post.
Fernsprech Fsp Telephone.
Flak   Fliegerabwehrkanon anti-aircraft gun or anti-aircraft fire.
Flakartillerie   Anti-aircraft artillery.
Flakpanzer   Anti-aircraft tank
Flammenwerfer Fl, Flamm Flame thrower.
Fleiger Abwerh Fla Army anti-aircraft unit.
Flieger Abwehr Kanone, Fliegerabwehrkanone FlaK, Flak Anti-aircraft artillery. Anti-aircraft gun.
Französische (f) French
Fu Ger   Radio set
Fu Spr Ger   Radiotelephone
Funk Fu Radio
Funklenkpanzer   Radio controlled tank
Funktrupp   Radio section.
Funkwagen   Wireless tank or cars
Gepanzert, Gepanzerter Gep, Gp Armored.
Geschütz   Gun.
Geschützstaffel   Gun section, artillery.
Geschützwagen Gw Self propelled gun.
Gewehr   Rifle.
Gruppe   Group. Corps level.
Granatenwerfer GrW , Gr.W. Mortar.
Halb Ketten H.K. Half track research vehicle.
Halb Zug   Half platoon
Haubitze   Howitzer.
Heer H Army.
Heeresgruppe HGr Army group.
Heeres Flak Abteilung H-Flak Abt Army anti-aircraft unit.
Hilfswillige Hiwi Auxiliary volunteers.
Hohlgranate, Hohlraumgranate, Hohlraummunition, HL   HEAT, High Explosive Anti-Tank round
Horchkompanie   A wireless intercept company.
Infanterie Division ID Infantry division.
Infanterie Geschütz, Infanteriegeschütz IG, I.G. Infantry gun.
Infanterie Regiment IR Infantry regiment.
Instandsetzung Inst Maintenance.
Jagdpanzer Jgd.Pz. Tank destroyer
Kampfgruppe KG, KGr Battle group
Kampfwagenkanone, Kampfwagen Kanone Kw.K., KwK Tank gun.
Kanone K Gun.
Kartenstelle   Mapping detachment.
Klein, Kleiner kl. Small.
Kolonne Kol Column
Kommandeur, Kommandant Kdr, Kdt Commander.
Kommandeur Divisions KoDiNa Commander of division supply troops.
Kommando   Divisional headquarters.
Kompanie Kp, Komp Company.
Korps   Corps
Krad   Motorcycle
Kradmelder Kradm Messenger.
Kradschützen K Motorcycle infantry.
Kraftfahr, Kraftfahzeug Kfz Vehicle.
Kraftfahrpark   Vehicle park.
Kraftwagen Kw, Kraftwg. Motor vehicle.
Krankenkraftwagen   Ambulance.
Kriegsstärke Nachweisung KStN War establishment chart.
Kurz K Tank gun.
Landwirtschaftliche Schlepper LaS Farm tractor
Landungsboot   Assault boat.
Lang, Länge L Long tank gun. Calibre.
Lehr   Demonstration.
Lehrbatallion   Demonstration batallion.
Leicht, Leichter L, Le Light.
Leichte Divisionen   Light division
Leichtemaschinengewehr   Light machine gun.
le FH   Light field howitzer
le FK   Light field cannon
l. F. H.   Light field howitzer
le. I. G.   Light infantry gun
le. W. S.   Light army tractor
l. I. G.   Light infantry gun
Lkw   Truck
Luftwaffefelddivision   Luftwaffe personnel that were converted into an infantry division to fight.
Mannschafts Transport Wagen, Mannschaftstransportwagen MTW Armored personnel carrier.
Maschinengewehr MG Machine gun.
Minenräumpanzer   Mine clearing tank
Mittler, Mittlerer m Medium.
Mörser Mrs. Mortar.
Motorisiert Mot Motorized.
Motorisierte Selbsfahrlafette Mot S Self propelled.
Motorisierter Zugkraftwagen Mot Z Motorized, towed by a vehicle.
Nachrichten Nachr Communication.
Nachschub   Supply.
Nebelwerfer Nb, Nb.W. Rocket launcher. Smoke grenade launcher.
Oberkommando der Luftwaffe OKL Air Force high command.
Oberkommando der Marine OKM Navy high command.
Oberkommando der Wehrmacht OKW Armed Forces high command.
Oberkommando des Heeres OKH Army high command.
Panzer Abwehr Kanone, Panzerabwerhkanone Pak, PaK, PAK Anti-tank gun.
Panzer Pz Tank or armor.
Panzer Aufklärungs Abteilung PzAufklAbt Armored reconnaissance unit.
Panzer-Abteilung   Armored battalion
Panzer Division, Panzer Divisionen PzDiv Armored division
Panzer Regiment PzRgt Armored regiment.
Panzerbefehlswagen PzBefh, Pz. Bef. Wg. Armored command vehicles. Command tank.
Panzerbeobachtungswagen   Armored OP tank
Panzerbergzug   Tank recovery platoon.
Panzer Brigaden   Panzer brigade
Panzerbüchse PzB, Pz.B. Anti tank rifle.
Panzergranate PzGr Armor piercing (AP) round
Panzergrenadier PzG, PzGren Armored infantry. Starting on July 5, 1942 all Schützen were called this. The infantry in a Panzer or Panzergrenadier Division.
Panzergruppe   Panzer group, similar in size to an army.
Panzerhaubitze   Armored howitzer.
Panzerjäger PzJäg, Pz. Jg. Tank destroyer. Anti tank.
Panzerjägerkanone Pjk. The anti-tank gun mounted in a Panzerjäger.
Panzerkampfwagen PzKpfw, PzKw Battle tanks. Tank, armored fighting vehicles. Tank.
Panzerkastenoberteil   Superstructure.
Panzerkorp, Panzer Korps   Armored corps.
Panzerkraftwagen Pz.Kw. Armored car from World War I.
Panzerspäh, Panzer Späh, Panzerspähwagen PzSpah, Pz Spw. Armored car.
Panzer Regimenter   Armored regiments
Panzer Verbande   Armored Formation
Panzerwaffe   Tank arm of the military.
Patrone   Artillery projectile.
Pionier Pi, Pion Engineer, sapper.
Russische (r) Russian.
Räumschaufepanzer   Dozer tanks
Regiment, Regimenter Rgt Regiment, Regiments
Reichsarbeitsdienst RAD National labor service.
Rueckstossfrei   Recoiless
Rückwartige Dienst   Rear area units.
Sanitäts   Medical.
Schlachterei   Butcher.
Schützen Schtz Light motorized infantry.
Schützen Regiment SR Motorized infantry regiment.
Schützenpanzerwagen SPW Armored personnel carrier
Schwer S, schw Heavy.
Schwere Infanterie SIG Heavy infantry gun.
Schweremaschinengewehr SMG Heavy machine gun.
Selbstfahrlafette sfl, Sf. Self propelled mount.
Sonderkraftfahrzeug , Sonder Kraftfahrzeug SdKfz Special motor vehicle.
Sprenggranate SprGr High explosive (HE) round
Stab St Headquarters staff.
Staffel   Squadron.
Sturm St Assault.
Sturmkanone   Assault gun with long barrel.
Sturmgeschütz StuG, Stu.G. Assault gun
Assault gun with short barrel.
Sturmhaubitze, Sturmpanzerhaubitze StuH, Stu.H. Assault howitzer
Sturmpanzerkanone StuK, Stu.K. Assault gun
Tauch Panzer   Submersible tank.
Tornister   Pack.
Tross   Train.
Trupp Tr Section, Troop
tschechisch, tschechoslowakische (t) Czech
Turm   Turret.
Übung   Military exercise.
Vermessung Verm Survey.
Verplegung Verpfl Administrative.
Versorgungsdienst   Supply service.
Versorgungstruppe   Supply units.
Verstärkte   Infantry regiment reinforced to be strength of brigade.
Verwaltung Verw Administration.
Vierling   Quadruple
Voll Ketten, Versuchkonstruktion V.K. Fully tracked motor vehicle.
Volksstrurm   Civilians raised to fight towards end of World War II.
Vorausabteilung   Advanced detachment.
Waffenamt   Ordnance department
Waffenträger   Weapon carrier
Wagen Wg. Vehicle
Wehrkreis   Military district.
Werkstatt Werkst Workshop.
Wurfrahmen   Rocket launcher frame.
Zitadelle   The plan for the attack at Kursk in July 1943.
Zug   Platoon.
Train.
Tractor.
Zugführerwagen ZW Platoon leader's vehicle
zur besonderen Verwendung zbV For special purposes.
Zwilling   Dual.

Sources:

  1. Panzers At War, Michael and Gladys Green, 2005
  2. Special Panzer Variants, Development, Production, Operations, Walter J. Spielberger, Hillary L. Doyle, 2007
  3. Panzer Divisions: The Eastern Front 1941-43, Peir Paolo Battistelli, 2008
  4. German Army Handbook 1939 - 1945, James Lucas, 1998
  5. German Tanks and Armoured Vehicles 1914 - 1945, B. T. White, 1966
  6. World War II Data Book The Wehrmacht 1935-1945 The Essential Facts and Figures for Hitler's Germany, Michael E. Haskew, 2011
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site