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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Gotha Go 242 transport
Gotha Go 244 transport

Design

The Gotha Go 242 was originally designed by Albert Kalkert.1

With the fall of France in 1940, the Gnome-Rhône 14M radial engines became available for use by the Germans.1,3 These were installed on the Go 242 and became the Go 244.1 Some Go 244s had the BMW 132Z (660 HP) or Shvetsov M-25A (750 HP) engine installed instead.1

Fuselage

The fuselage was made from steel tubing and covered with fabric.2

Wings

The wings and tail were made from wood.2

Prototype

The Go 244 prototype first flew in late 1941.2

Production

  • Go 244: 432
    • 133 converted from Go 242s1,2

Variants

  • Go 244B: Had two Gnome-Rhône 14M engines installed in the Go 242B.1 Had a fixed landing gear.1
  • Go 244B-1:
  • Go 244B-2:
  • Go 244B-3:
  • Go 244B-4:
  • Go 244B-5:

Usage

First Deliveries

The KGrzbV 104, based in Greece, and KGrzbV 106, based in Crete, received the Go 244s in March 1942.1

Withdrawn

When Allied fighters easily shot down the Go 244s, they were withdrawn from service in November 1942 and sent to paratroop training schools.1

Specifications

  Gotha Go 244
Type Transport2,3
Crew 23
Engine (Type) 2: Gnome-Rhône 14M2,3
Cylinders Radial 142,3
Cooling Air3
HP 740 each2
Propeller blades 3 each2
Dimensions  
Span 79'3
24 m3
Length 52' 6"3
16 m3
Height 15' 5"2
4.7 m2
Wing area 700 sq ft3
65 sq m3
Weight  
Loaded 17,500 lb3
7,945 kg3
Performance  
Speed at 10,000' /
3,050 m
169 mph3
270 kph3
Cruising Speed at Sea Level 100 mph3
160 kph3
Climb to 10,000' /
3,050 m
21 minutes3
Range 375 miles3
600 km3
  Gotha Go 244B-21
Type Transport1
Engine (Type) 2: Gnome-Rhône 14M piston1
Cylinders Radial 141
HP 700 each1
Dimensions  
Span 80' 4.5"1
24.5 m1
Length 51' 10"1
15.8 m1
Height 15' 5"1
4.7 m1
Wing area 693.22 ft2 1
64.4 m2 1
Weight  
Empty 11,243 lb1,2
5,100 kg1,2
Loaded 17,196 lb1,2
7,800 kg1,2
Performance  
Speed 180 mph1
290 kph1
Speed at 10,000' /
3,048 m
180 mph2
290 kph2
Cruising speed 155 mph2
249 kph2
Climb 886'/minute2
270 m/minute2
Service ceiling 24,605'1, 25,100'2
7,500 m1, 7,650 m2
Range 373 miles1, 435 miles2
600 km1, 700 km2

Sources:

  1. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site