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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Arado Ar 232 transport
Nickname: "Centipede"

Photos

  • Arado Ar 232A-0 transport

Design

The Arado Ar 232 was intended to replace the Junkers Ju 52.2

The Ar 232 V1 and Ar 232 V2 prototypes had two BMW 801 radial engines, the same as used in the Focke Wulf Fw 190.1 However, the Focke Wulf Fw 190 received priority for the engines.1 The Ar 232 V3 prototype had four BMW Bramo 323R engines installed.1

To help land and take off on rough terrain, there were 11 pairs of wheels on independently sprung suspension legs.1,3 When not needed they were partially retracted and the tricycle main wheels were used.1

Prototype

The first Ar 232 flew in the summer of 1941.1,2

Production

  • Arado Ar 232B-0: 8 1
  • Arado Ar 232: ~202, 301
  • Arado Ar 432: Construction was of wood and metal.3

Usage

The Ar 232B-08 (V11) operated in Norway with it's 11 pairs of wheels replaced by an 8 m long ski.1

In 1944, four of the Ar 232B-0s and a Ar 232A were used on special missions over Russia.1 These were flown out of Finland and Norway.1 One of the aircraft crashed near Moscow on one of these missions.1

After World War II

The Allies used the captured Ar 232s to transport personnel and captured aircraft back to the United Kingdom.1

Specifications

  Arado Ar 232B-0
Type Transport1
Engine (Type) 4: BMW Bramo 323R-21
Cooling Air1
HP 1,2001
Propeller blades 31
Dimensions  
Span 109' 11"1
Length 77' 2"1
Height 18' 8"1
Wing area 1,535 ft2 1
142.6 m2 1
Weight  
Empty 28,164 lb1
12,802 kg1
Loaded 46,595 lb1
21,135 kg1
Performance  
Speed @ 15,100' / 4,600 m 211 mph1
340 kph1
Service ceiling 26,250'1
8,000 m1
Range 660 miles1
1,060 km1
Armament  
Nose 1: 13 mm MG 1311
Rounds 5001
Dorsal turret 1: 20 mm1
Rear fuselage 1 or 2: 13 mm MG 1311
  Arado Ar 232
Type Transport2,3
Crew 2 - 52, 43
Engine (Type) 2: BMW 8012
Cylinders Radial 142
Cooling Air2,3
HP 1,600 each2
Dimensions  
Span 104'2
Length 77'2
Height 18' 6"2
Weight  
Loaded 46,425 lb2
Performance  
Speed @ 18,000' 210 mph2
Service ceiling 22, 500'2
Range 830 miles2
Armament 2: MG2
1: 20 mm2
Nose 1: MG 1313
Dorsal 1: MG 151/203
Rear 2: MG 1213
  Arado Ar 232A
Engine (Type) 2: BMW 8013
Cylinders Radial 143
Cooling Air3
  Arado Ar 232B
Cargo 10,000 lb3
4,540 kg3
Engine (Type) 4: Bramo 323 R-23
Cylinders Radial 93
Cooling Air3
Fuel Capacity 595 gallons3
Dimensions  
Span 110'3
33.5 m3
Length 77' 2"3
23.5 m3
Height 18' 8"3
5.7 m3
Wing area 1,535 sq ft3
143 sq m3
Weight  
Loaded 46,600 lb3
21,160 kg3
Performance  
Speed at 15,100'
4,605 m
211 mph3
338 kph3
Cruising Speed at 6,560' /
2,000 m
180 mph3
288 kph3
Range 658 miles3
1,053 km3

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site