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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Arado Ar 96 trainer

Design

The Arado Ar 96 was the standard Luftwaffe trainer.

The Arado Ar 96 was of all metal construction.

Prototype

The Ar 96V1 was first flown in 1938.

Production

The Arado 96s were constructed by Ago, Arado, Avia, and Letov. Avia and Letov were in Czechoslovakia.

  • Arado Ar 96: 11,546
  • Postwar by Letov: 181
  • Postwar by Avia: 394

Variants

  • Arado Ar 96V1: Prototype.
  • Arado Ar 96A: Production model. Entered service in 1939.
  • Arado Ar 96B: Had more powerful engine. Entered service in early 1940.
  • Arado Ar 96B-1: Unarmed.
  • Arado Ar 96B-2: Had one 7.92 mm MG above engine for gunnery practice.
  • Arado Ar 96B-5: Had better radio equipment.
  • Arado Ar 396: Prototype built by SIPA (France) and Letov (Czechoslovakia) before end of World War II. Had metal and wood construction. Used the Argus As 411 engine (580 HP).

Usage

The Ar 96 was used by Germany, Hungary, and Romania.

Primarily used as a trainer, the Arado Ar 96 was also used in liaison, glider towing, reconnaissance, and communication roles. Some were even equipped with a pair of 7.9 mm MGs in gondolas under the wings and then used as attack aircraft on the Russian front.

After World War II

The Arado Ar 96s were developed in Czechoslovakia and France after World War II.

Specifications

  Arado Ar 96
Type Trainer
Crew  
Engine (Type) Argus As 410 A-1
Cylinders  
Cooling  
HP 465
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 37'
Length 30'
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Performance  
Speed 205 mph
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Armament  
  Arado Ar 96A
Type Trainer
Crew 2
Engine (Type) Argus As 10C
Cylinders Inverted V 8
Cooling  
HP 240
Propeller blades 2
Dimensions  
Span 36' 1"
11 m
Length 27' 1"
8.25 m
Height 8' 8"
2.64 m
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 2,616 lb
1,187 kg
Loaded 3,476 lb
1,577 kg
Performance  
Speed  
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Armament  
  Arado Ar 96B
Type Trainer
Crew 2
Engine (Type) Argus As 410MA-1
Cylinders Inverted V 12
Cooling  
HP 485
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 36' 1"
11 m
Length 29' 11.5"
9.13 m
Height 8' 8"
2.64 m
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 2,854 lb
1,295 kg
Loaded 3,858 lb
1,750 kg
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 9,840' /
3,000 m
211 mph
340 kph
Cruising speed 170 mph
273 kph
Climb  
Service ceiling 22,965'
7,000 m
Range 615 miles
990 km
Armament  
Upper cowling 1: 7.92 mm MG

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site