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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Arado Ar 96 trainer

Design

The Arado Ar 96 was the standard Luftwaffe trainer.2

The Arado Ar 96 was of all metal construction.1

Prototype

The Ar 96V1 was first flown in 1938.1,2

Production

The Arado 96s were constructed by Ago, Arado, Avia, and Letov.1 Avia and Letov were in Czechoslovakia.1

  • Arado Ar 96: 11,5461
  • Postwar by Letov: 1811
  • Postwar by Avia: 3941

Variants

  • Arado Ar 96V1: Prototype.1
  • Arado Ar 96A: Production model.1 Entered service in 1939.1
  • Arado Ar 96B: Had more powerful engine.1 Entered service in early 1940.1
  • Arado Ar 96B-1: Unarmed.1
  • Arado Ar 96B-2: Had one 7.92 mm MG above engine for gunnery practice.1
  • Arado Ar 96B-5: Had better radio equipment.1
  • Arado Ar 396: Prototype built by SIPA (France) and Letov (Czechoslovakia) before end of World War II.1 Had metal and wood construction.1 Used the Argus As 411 engine (580 HP).1

Usage

The Ar 96 was used by Germany, Hungary, and Romania.1

Primarily used as a trainer, the Arado Ar 96 was also used in liaison, glider towing, reconnaissance, and communication roles.1 Some were even equipped with a pair of 7.9 mm MGs in gondolas under the wings and then used as attack aircraft on the Russian front.1

After World War II

The Arado Ar 96s were developed in Czechoslovakia and France after World War II.1

Specifications

  Arado Ar 962
Type Trainer2
Crew  
Engine (Type) Argus As 410 A-12
Cylinders  
Cooling  
HP 4652
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 37'2
Length 30'2
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Performance  
Speed 205 mph2
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Armament  
  Arado Ar 96A1
Type Trainer1
Crew 21
Engine (Type) Argus As 10C1
Cylinders Inverted V 81
Cooling  
HP 2401
Propeller blades 21
Dimensions  
Span 36' 1"1
11 m1
Length 27' 1"1
8.25 m1
Height 8' 8"1
2.64 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 2,616 lb1
1,187 kg1
Loaded 3,476 lb1
1,577 kg1
Performance  
Speed  
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Armament  
  Arado Ar 96B1
Type Trainer1
Crew 21
Engine (Type) Argus As 410MA-11
Cylinders Inverted V 121
Cooling  
HP 4851
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 36' 1"1
11 m1
Length 29' 11.5"1
9.13 m1
Height 8' 8"1
2.64 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 2,854 lb1
1,295 kg1
Loaded 3,858 lb1
1,750 kg1
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 9,840' /
3,000 m
211 mph1
340 kph1
Cruising speed 170 mph1
273 kph1
Climb  
Service ceiling 22,965'1
7,000 m1
Range 615 miles1
990 km1
Armament  
Upper cowling 1: 7.92 mm MG1

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site