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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Focke-Wulf Fw 189 Uhu (Eagle Owl), Fw 189 "Flying Eye", reconnaissance

Photos

  • Focke Wulf Fw 189 reconnaissance
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189 reconnaissance
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189a reconnaissance
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189 Uhu reconnaissance

Design

Designed by Kurt Tank.1 Design work started in early 1937.3

The cockpit was completely glassed in allowing for the best visibility for the pilot and observer.3

Undercarriage

The wheels were very tough allowing the Fw 189 to use rough air fields.1 The wheels retracted into armored doors.1

Wings / Tail

There were four ETC 50 racks that could carry anti-personnel bombs but were often empty.1

The wings were very strong.1 Flaps were electrically operated.1 The Rudders, elevator, and ailerons were manual.1

The twin booms and the full length elevator in the tail allowed for exceptional maneuverability.1

Prototype

Kurt Tank flew the prototype in June 1938.1
The first prototype flew in July 1938 / 19395.2,3

The media called it "The Flying Eye."1,2

Production

Built at Focke-Wulf's Bremen factory, and in Czechoslovakia and France.1

  • Focke Wulf Fw 189V: 62
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189A-0: 102
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189A-1, Focke Wulf Fw 189A-2, Focke Wulf Fw 189A-3, Focke Wulf Fw 189A-4: 8482
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189B: 132
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189F: 172
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189: 8643, 8942
    • Manufacturer: Focke Wulf Flugzeugbau GmbH3
    • Production: ? - 19443

Variants

  • Focke Wulf Fw 189:
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189A-0: Pre production.2
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189A-1: Production model.2 Reconnaissance.2
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189A-2: Dual control trainer.2
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189A-3: Dual control trainer.2
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189A-4: Tactical support.2 Had 20 mm cannons in the wing roots replacing the MGs.2
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189B: Five seat trainer.1,2
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189C: Experimental version with a heavily armored cabin to be used for close assault.1 Only two crew.1
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189D: A trainer that had floats, but it was never flown.1
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189F: Built in France.2 Had Argus AS 411 engine (580 HP).2
  • Focke Wulf Fw 189 V4: Prototype that could spray mustard gas.1

Usage

Used primarily for reconnaissance, but also used for casualty evacuation, night fighting, and ground support.1

Entered service in late 1940.1 A total of nine long range and 15 short range reconnaissance groups were formed.1

Used by the Slovakian and Hungarian air forces.1,2 Hungary received about 30 Fw 189A-2s.2,3 Slovakia received 14 Fw 189A-1s.2

Specifications

  Focke-Wulf Fw 189 Uhu
Type Reconnaissance2,4, Close support2,4
Crew 32
Engine (Type) 2: Argus As 4104
2: Argus As 410A-12
Cylinders Inverted V 122, Radial4
Net HP 450 each4, 465 each2
Propeller blades 22
Dimensions  
Span 60' 4.5"2, 60' 8"4
18.4 m2
Length 39' 4"2, 39' 5"4
11.99 m2
Height 10' 2"2
3.1 m2
Weight  
Loaded 7,500 lb4
Performance  
Speed 200 mph4
Armament  
Nacelle roof 1: MG4
Wing roots 2: MG4
Tail position 1: MG4
  Focke-Wulf Fw 189A Uhu
Type Ambulance5, Communications5, Reconnaissance5
Crew 3 - 55
Engine (Type) 2: Argus AS 410A-15
Cylinders Inverted V 125
Cooling Air5
Net HP 4505
Propeller blades 2 blade Argus automatic pitch5
Dimensions  
Span 60' 5"5
18.4 m5
Length 39' 4"5
12 m5
Wing area 409.7 sq ft5
38 sq m5
Weight  
Empty 5,930 lb5
2,690 kg5
Loaded 7,500 lb5
3,410 kg5
Performance  
Speed at 8,000' /
2,440 m
215 mph5
344 kph5
Cruising Speed at 8,000' /
2,440 m
198 mph5
317 kph5
Climb to 13,120' /
4,000 m
8.3 minutes5
Service ceiling 27,550'5
8,400 m5
Range 430 miles5
690 km5
  Focke-Wulf Fw 189A-1 Uhu
Type Reconnaissance3
Crew 33
Engine (Type) 2: Argus As 410 A-13
Cylinders V 123
Cooling Air3
Net HP 465 each3
Dimensions  
Span 60' 4"3
Length 39' 5"3
Height 10' 2"3
Weight  
Empty 5,930 lb2
2,690 kg2
Loaded 8,708 lb2,3
3,950 kg2
Performance  
Speed @ 7,875' 217 mph3
Speed @ 8,530' /
2,600 m
221 mph2
355 kph2
Cruising speed 197 mph2
317 kph2
Endurance  
Climb 1,017'/minute2
310 m/minute2
Climb to 13,120' /
4,000 m
8.3 minutes2
Service ceiling 27,560'2, 29,950'3
8,400 m2
Range 416 miles3, 416 - 584 miles2
670 - 940 km2
Armament 4: MG3
Wing roots 2: 7.9 mm MG2
Dorsal, above navigator 1 or 2: 7.9 mm MG2
Tail position 1 or 2: 7.9 mm MG2
Bombs 4: 110 lb2
440 lb3
4: 50 kg2
  Focke-Wulf Fw 189A-2 Uhu
Type Reconnaissance1, Army cooperation1
Crew 31
Engine (Type) 2: Argus As 410A-1 piston1
Cylinders Inverted V-121
Net HP 460 each1
Dimensions  
Span 60' 4"1
18.4 m1
Length 39' 5"1
12.03 m1
Height 16' 2"1
3.1 m1
Wing area 409 ft2 1
38 m2 1
Weight  
Loaded 9,174 lb1
4,170 kg1
Performance  
Speed 217 mph1
350 kph1
Cruising speed 189 mph1
305 kph1
Endurance 2 hours 10 minutes1
Service ceiling 23,950'1
7,300 m1
Range 415 miles1
670 km1
Armament  
Nacelle roof 2: 7.9 mm MG 811
Wing roots 2: 7.9 mm MG 811,2
Dorsal, above navigator 2: 7.9 mm MG 811
1 or 2: 7.9 mm MG2
Tail position 1 or 2: 7.9 mm MG2
Bombs 4: 110 lb2
880 lb1
4: 50 kg2
400 kg1

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  4. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  5. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
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