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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Arado Ar 240 reconnaissance, Arado Ar 240C-2 Night Fighter

Design

Arado started working on the E 240 project in 1938.1 It was to have the latest technology by using aerodynamic devices, pressurization, and a tail mounted airbrake.1 However instability of the aircraft plagued it throughout its development and operational career.3

The first two prototype, the Ar 240 V1 and Ar 240 V2, proved to be very unstable.1 This lead to a redesigned prototype, the Ar 240 V3.1

The Ar 240 V4 had the dive bombing equipment installed and proved successful, but it was thought that the reconnaissance version was more important.1,4

The Ar 240 C-2 night fighter had remote controlled dorsal and ventral barbettes.2,3 It used a FuG 202 Lichtenstein radar array.2

In December 1942 the program was halted.1

Engines

Early models had the DB 601 engines installed with later models having the DB 603 or DB 605 engines.4

Prototype

The prototype of the Arado Ar 240 was first flown on May 10, 1940.3 Over the next two years flight tests were conducted.3

There was one prototype, Ar 240 V10, built as a night fighter.2 The prototype flew in the summer of 1943.2 It was to become the Ar 240C-2 but it never was produced.2

Production

  • Manufacturer: Arado Flugzeugwerke GmbH3

Variants

  • Arado Ar 240 V1, Arado Ar 240 V2: Initial unstable prototypes.1
  • Arado Ar 240 V3: Prototype without equipment for dive bombing.1
  • Arado Ar 240 V4: Prototype with dive bombing equipment.1
  • Arado Ar 240 V5: Became the preproduction Arado Ar 240A-011
  • Arado Ar 240 V6: Became the preproduction Arado Ar 240A-021
  • Arado Ar 240 V10: Night fighter prototype.2 Became the Arado Ar 240 C-2.2
  • Arado Ar 240 A-01: Reconnaissance.1
  • Arado Ar 240 C-2: Night fighter.2

Usage

The Arado Ar 240 V3 was used in high altitude and speed missions over England.1

The Arado Ar 240A-01 and Ar 240A-02 flew missions over the Murmansk railway.1

Specifications

  Arado Ar 240
Type High Altitude Fighter4, Reconnaissance3,4
Crew 23,4
Pilot, navigator4
Engine (Type) 2: Daimler Benz DB 601E3
OR 2: Daimler Benz DB 6034
OR 2: Daimler Benz DB 6054
Cylinders V 123
Cooling Liquid3
Net HP 1,175 each3
Fuel Capacity 603 gallons4
Dimensions  
Span 43' 9"3, 54' 6"4
16.6 m4
Length 41'4, 42'3
12.5 m4
Height 12' 11"3
Weight  
Loaded 20,834 lb3
Performance  
Speed at 19,685' /
6,000 m
384 mph3
Speed at 22,960' /
7,000 m
330 mph4
528 kph4
Service ceiling 34,450'3
Range 1,242 miles3
Armament 6: MG3
  Arado Ar 240A-01
Type Reconnaissance1
Engine (Type) 2: Daimler-Benz DB 601E1
Cylinders I-12, inverted1
Net HP 1,176 each1
Dimensions  
Span 43' 9"1
13.33 m1
Length 42'1
12.8 m1
Height 12' 11"1
3.95 m1
Wing area 337 ft2 1
31.3 m2 1
Weight  
Empty 13,640 lb1
6,200 kg1
Loaded 20,790 lb1
9,450 kg1
Performance  
Speed @ 20,000' /
6,000 m
384 mph1
620 kph1
Climb 11 minutes to 20,000'1
11 minutes to 6,000 m1
Service ceiling 34,400'1
10,500 m1
Range with auxiliary
fuel tank
1,240 miles1
2,000 km1
Armament  
Nose 2: 7.92 mm MG 171
Barbettes 4: 7.92 mm MG 171
  Arado Ar 240C
Armament  
Fuselage - Blister 2: MG 1514
Fuselage - Sides 2: MG 1514
Wing - Roots 2: MG 1514
Fuselage - Turrets 4: MG 1514
  Arado Ar 240C-2
Type Night fighter2
Engine (Type) 2: Daimler-Benz DB 603A-22
Cylinders 122
Cooling Liquid2
Net HP 1,850 each2
Dimensions  
Span 54' 5 1/8"2
16.6 m2
Length 43' 9.5"2
13.35 m2
Height 12' 11.5"2
3.95 m2
Wing area 376.75 ft2 2
35 m2 2
Weight  
Empty 20,400 lb2
9,253 kg2
Loaded 28,300 lb2
12,837 kg2
Performance  
Speed @ 19,685' /
6,000 m
419 mph2
675 kph2
Range 1,162 miles2
1,870 km2
Armament  
Forward firing 4: 20 mm MG 1512
Dorsal barbette 2: 13 mm MG 1312
Ventral barbette 2: 13 mm MG 1312

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. The Great Book of Fighters, William Green, Gordon Swanborough, 1994
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  4. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site