World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Focke-Wulf Ta 154 night fighter
Nickname: Moskito ("mosquito")

Photos

  • Focke Wulf Ta 154 night fighter

Design

The Focke-Wulf Ta 154 was inspired by the British Mosquito. Kurt Tank came up with the design for the Ta 154. To save on strategic materials the Ta 154 was primarily made out of wood. A specification was put forth in September 1942 for a night and all weather fighter. It also needed to be able to fly for 2 3/4 hours.

Prototype

The first prototype was finished in June 1943.

The first prototype flew on July 7, 1943. It had Jumo 211F engines (1,480 HP).

Production

An order for 250 Ta 154s was placed in November 1943.

Manufacturing was to be based in Poznan, Poland. Many subcontractors were to be used.

  • Prototypes: 3
  • Focke-Wulf Ta 154A-0: 22
  • Focke-Wulf Ta 154A-1 through Focke-Wulf Ta 154A-4: ~50
  • Focke-Wulf Ta 154: ~75

Variants

  • Focke-Wulf Ta 154A-0: Preproduction. Some were converted to Mistel ("flying bombs") that would have a Fw 190 guide it to the target.
  • Focke-Wulf Ta 154A-1: Fighter. Production model. Had FuG 212 radar.
  • Focke-Wulf Ta 154A-2: Fighter. Single crew.
  • Focke-Wulf Ta 154A-3: Trainer. Fighter.
  • Focke-Wulf Ta 154A-4: Night fighter. Had FuG 220 or FuG 218 radar.

Usage

In June 1944 the 2nd production model came apart in a high speed flight. There was too high of an acid content in the glue that was used to bond the wood. In August 1944 it was decided to cancel the aircraft as it would take to long to solve the glue problem.

There were two night fighter groups that were equipped with the Ta 154.

Specifications

  Focke-Wulf Ta 154 Moskito
Type Night fighter
Crew 2
Engine (Type) 2: Junkers Jumo 213E
2: Junkers Jumo 211 R
Cylinders V 12
HP 1,500 each, 1,750 each
Propeller blades 3 each
Dimensions  
Span 52' 6", 53'
16 m
Length 40', 41' 3"
12.57 m
Height 11' 10"
3.61 m
Armament 2: 20 mm
2: 30 mm
  Focke-Wulf Ta 154A Moskito
Type Day or Night fighter
Crew 1 or 2
Engine (Type) 2: Jumo 211 N
OR 2: Jumo 211 R
Cylinders Inverted V 12
Cooling Water
Fuel Capacity 330 gallons
Dimensions  
Span 52' 6"
16 m
Length 41' 3"
12.6 m
Height 12' 0.5"
3.6 m
Wing area 349 sq ft
32.4 sq m
Armament 4: 30 mm MK 108
OR 4: 20 mm MG 151/20
Fuselage - Firing Forward 2: 30 mm MK 108
2: 20 mm MG 151/20
Night Fighter - Firing Upwards 2: 30 mm MK 108
  Focke-Wulf Ta 154A-1 Moskito
Engine (Type) 2: Jumo 211 N
OR 2: Jumo 211 R
Weight  
Empty 13,933 lb
6,320 kg
Loaded 18,600 lb, 19,842 lb
8,445 kg, 9,000 kg
Performance  
Speed at sea level 332 mph
534 kph
Speed at 19,000' /
5,795 m
Jumo 211 N: 382 mph
Jumo 211 N: 611 kph
Speed at 26,240' /
8,000 m
Jumo 211 R: 394 mph
Jumo 211 R: 630 kph
Speed at 26,247' /
8,000 m
399 mph
642 kph
Climb to 26,245' /
8,000 m
14.5 minutes
Jumo 211 N: 16 minutes
Jumo 211 R: 14.5 minutes
Service Ceiling 35,760'
Jumo 211 N: 31,200'
Jumo 211 R: 35,800'
10,900 m
Jumo 211 N: 9,520 m
Jumo 211 R: 10,920 m
Range 855 miles
1,376 km
Range with Drop Tanks 1,156 miles
1,860 km
Range at 23,000' /
7,020 m
Jumo 211 N: 890 miles
Jumo 211 R: 855 miles
Jumo 211 N: 1,425 km
Jumo 211 R: 1,370 km
Range at 23,000' /
7,020 m With 2 66 gallon drop tanks
Jumo 211 N: 1,195 miles
Jumo 211 R: 1,160 miles
Jumo 211 N: 1,912 km
Jumo 211 R: 1,860 km
  Focke-Wulf Ta 154A-2 Moskito with GM 1
Engine (Type) 2: Jumo 213 A
Weight  
Loaded 19,480 lb
8,845 kg
Performance  
Speed at 32,800' /
10,000 m
388 mph
Ta 154C-3: 428 mph
621 kph
Ta 154C-3: 685 kph
Armament  
Fuselage Firing Upward at 70° 2: MK 108

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site