World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Dornier Do 24 flying boat

Photos

  • Dornier Do 24 flying boat
  • Dornier Do 24 flying boat
  • Dornier Do 24N flying boat
  • Dornier Do 24 flying boat
  • Dornier Do 24 flying boat

Design

The Dornier Do 24 was originally designed for the Royal Netherlands Naval Air Service to be used in the East Indies.1,2,3,5,6 The Dornier Do 24 replaced the Dornier Do 18.3

Early models did not have a nose turret, but after losses one with a 7.9 mm MG 15 was installed.1 The cockpit had additional side windows installed to improve visibility.1

There were large winglets on each side of the fuselage that helped the Do 24 in rough seas.1

Crew

The crew had sleeping areas in the hull.4,5

Prototype

The first prototype flew on July 3, 1937.1,2,3,6

Production

Weser-Flugzeugbau produced models in the Netherlands.1 170 were produced during 1940-1944.1

  • Prototypes: 22
  • Dornier Do 24K-1: 122
  • Dornier Do 24K-2: 256, 282
    • De Schelde and Aviolanda licensed built for Holland.2,6
  • Dornier Do 24N-1: 112
  • Dornier Do 24T-1: 1802
  • Dornier Do 24T-2: 492
  • Dornier Do 24T-3: 122
  • Total: 2203, 2942
    • Manufacturer: Dornier Werke GmbH2,3, Weserflug2, De Schelde2, Aviolanda2, Fokker2, Chantiers Aéro-Maritimes de la Seine (CAMS)2,6
      • The Potez-CAMS factory started manufacturing in 1941.2

Variants

  • Prototype: Had three Wright R-1820 Cyclone (890 HP) engines.6
  • Dornier Do 24K: Models that were built in the Netherlands with Wright R-1820 engines.1 In November 1937 deliveries started.2
  • Dornier Do 24MS: Had a degaussing loop and generator for mine sweeping operations.1
  • Dornier Do 24N-1: Air sea rescue variant.2
  • Dornier Do 24T: Had BMW-Bramo engines.1
  • Dornier Do 24T-3: Was built for Spain.2 Delivered in 1944.2

Usage

The countries that used the Dornier Do 24 were Australia, France, Germany, Holland, Spain, and Sweden.2

Crews found the Do 24 to be very reliable even in rough water.1

One time a Do 24 lost its tail during a rescue.1 The crew sealed the aircraft and taxied back to their base.1

Used in the Arctic, Mediterranean, English Channel, and the Pacific.1

Germany

At the start of World War II there was only one airworthy prototype available.1 Once the Netherlands were defeated all of their Do 24s were shipped back to Germany.1

Fifteen Luftwaffe units were equipped with the Do 24.2

Crete

During the evacuation of Crete the Do 24s would carry 24 passengers.1

Netherlands

Received eleven before the start of World War II.1 Twenty five were licence built with Wright R-1820 engines.1

Some were used in the East Indies against Japan.1,2 These were given to the Australians.1

Spain

In June 1944 Spain received twelve Do 24T-3s and they remained in used as search and rescue planes until the 1970s.1,2

Australia

The Royal Australian Air Force used five Do 24s against Japan.1,2

Sweden

Two Do 24s ended up being interned by Sweden.2 One had 37 refugees.2

Specifications

  Dornier Do 24
Type Reconnaissance2,5, Air sea rescue2, Transport3, Patrol Bomber4
Crew 4 - 53, 54, 62,5
Pilot, co-pilot, navigator, radio operator, gunners(2)5
Engine (Type) 3: BMW 323 R-23
3: BMW 132 Do4
3: Bramo Fafnir 323 R5
Cylinders Radial 93,5
Cooling Air3,5
HP 760 each4, 1,000 each3
Propeller blades 3 blade controlled pitch5
Dimensions  
Span 88' 7"2,3,4,5
27 m2,5
Length 72' 2"2,4,5, 72' 4"3
22 m2,5
Height 17' 10"4,5, 18' 10"2,3
5.45 m5, 5.74 m2
Wing area 1,162 sq ft5
108 sq m5
Weight  
Loaded 29,700 lb4,5, 35,715 lb3
13,500 kg5
Performance  
Speed 190 mph5, 195 mph4
304 kph5
Speed at 8,530' 206 mph3
Cruising Speed at 6,560'
2,000 m
161 mph5
260 kph5
Service ceiling 17,400'5, 24,605'3
5,310 m5
Range 2,000 miles4, 2,050 miles5, 2,920 miles3
3,300 km5
Armament 2: MG3
3: MG4
1: 20 mm3
Turret - Forward 1: MG5
1: 7.92 mm MG2
Turret - Dorsal 1: MG5
1: 20 mm or 30 mm2
Turret - Rear 1: MG5
1: 7.92 mm MG2
Under wing racks -
bombs or other stores
12: 110 lb2,5
12: 50 kg2,5
Bombs 3,300 lb4
  Dornier Do 24K
Engine (Type) 3: Wright R-1820 Cyclone2
Cylinders Radial 92
HP 760 each2
Propeller blades 3 each2
Weight  
Empty 17,011 lb2
7,716 kg2
Loaded 28,600 lb2
12,973 kg2
  Dornier Do 24T
Engine (Type) 3: Bramo 323R-2 Fafnir2
Cylinders Radial 92
HP 1,000 each2
Propeller blades 3 each2
Performance  
Speed 195 mph2
314 kph2
Cruising speed 150 mph2
241 kph2
Service ceiling 17,390'2
5,300 m2
Range 2,048 miles2
3,297 km2
  Dornier Do 24T-1
Type Air-sea rescue1, Reconnaissance6, Transport1,6
Crew 5 - 66
2: pilots1
4: crew1
Engine (Type) 3: BMW-Bramo 323R-21
3: BMW/Bramo Fafnir 323R-26
Cylinders Radial 91,6
Cooling Air6
HP 1,000 each1,6
Propeller blades 3 each1
Dimensions  
Span 87' 7"6, 88' 7"1
27 m1,6
Length 72' 4"1,6
22 m6, 22.05 m1
Height 18' 10"1, 18' 10.25"6
5.75 m1,6
Wing area 1,162 ft2 1, 1,162.5 sq ft6
108 m2 1, 108 sq m6
Weight  
Empty 20,062 lb6, 20,680 lb1, 20,732 lb2
9,100 kg6, 9,400 kg1, 9,494 kg2
Loaded 35,715 lb2, 40,480 lb1, 40,564 lb6
16,200 kg2, 18,400 kg1,6
Performance  
Speed 205 mph1, 211 mph2
331 kph1, 339 kph2
Speed at 6,560' /
2,000 m
211 mph6
340 kph6
Cruising speed 137 mph2
220 kph2
Climb to 6,560' /
2,000 m
14 minutes 30 seconds6
Service ceiling 19,355'6, 19,360'2, 24,600'1
5,900 m2,6, 7,500 m1
Range 2,915 miles1, 2,950 miles2,6
4,700 km1, 4,747 km2, 4,750 km6
Armament  
Turret - Front 1: 7.9 mm MG 151,6
Turret - Dorsal 1: 20 mm Hispano Suiza cannon1
1: 20 mm MG 1516
Turret - Rear 1: 7.9 mm MG 151,6
Bombs 12: 110 lb6
12: 50 kg6

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  4. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  5. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
  6. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site