World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Blohm und Voss Bv 222 "Wiking" reconnaissance flying boat

Photos

  • Blohm und Voss Bv 222 flying boat
  • Blohm und Voss Bv 222 flying boat
  • Blohm und Voss Bv 222 flying boat

Design

The Bv 222 was designed to fulfill a 19366 / 1937 / 19383 Deutsche Lufthansa requirement for a cross Atlantic flying boat.2,5 It was also the largest flying boat used in World War II.3

Deutsche Lufthansa (DLH) ordered three Bv 222s in September 1939 to be used as a 24 berth transatlantic liner.1,3

Was initially powered by six BMW Bramo Fafnir 323 R radial engines.1

To build a Bv 222 required 35,000 man hours.1

The hull was a corrosion resistant alloy which was from 1/8" - 1/2" / 3 - 5 mm in thickness.1

Wings

The wings were placed high in the fuselage.4

Armament

Some BV-222s were outfitted with search radar and powered gun turrets for use in long-range reconnaissance in the Atlantic to work with the U-Boats.1

There were gun blisters on each side of the fuselage and turrets in the nose and tail.4

Prototype

The Bv 222V-1 prototype flew on September 7, 1940 but with the war, DLH no longer needed them.1,2,3,6 The first prototype flew its first cargo flight to Norway in July 1941 / July 10, 19416.1,3

Production

  • Prototypes: 76
  • Blohm und Voss Bv 222C: 43, 56
  • Total: 132
    • Manufacturer: Blohm und Voss Schiffswerft Abteilung Flugzeugbau3
    • Production: ? - 19443
  • Blohm und Voss Bv 238: 2 prototypes5

Variants

  • Blohm und Voss Bv 222V-1, Blohm und Voss Bv 222V-2, Blohm und Voss Bv 222V-3: Prototypes with machine guns in various positions.1
  • Blohm und Voss Bv 222V-7: Flew in April 1943 with six Junkers Jumo 207C diesel engines.1,2
  • Blohm und Voss Bv 222A: had 2 turrets in the outer wings armed with 20 mm guns.1
  • Blohm und Voss Bv 222B: Was proposed to be a civilian transport.2 None built.2
  • Blohm und Voss Bv 222C-09 to Blohm und Voss Bv 222 C-012: Pre production models.2 Appeared in early 1943.3
  • Blohm und Voss Bv 222C-013: Production model.2
  • Blohm und Voss Bv 238:

Usage

The first three prototypes and five pre-production vehicles formed the Luft-Transportstaffel (See) 222.1

In October 1943 a Bv 222 shot down a Lancaster over the Atlantic.1

The Bv 222 was used for transportation in the Mediterranean and by the end of 1942 carried 1,377 tons of cargo, 17,000 troops, and 2,400 casualties.1 All seven Bv 222s carried a total of 3,496 tons of cargo, 37,500 troops, and 5,169 wounded in 1942 on all fronts.3

It was found that the Bv 222 was rather vulnerable to attack after two were shot down and one damaged while in use in the Mediterranean.3 After this most flights were conducted at night. The flights were often escorted by two Me 110s.6

France

The Bv 222s were then sent to France to be used as reconnaissance planes.3 They weren't very successful and were returned to being transports.3

Survived

Seven survived the war and two (Bv 222 C-011 and Bv 222 C-0133) were flown to the United States for evaluation.1,2 Bv 222 C-012 was captured by the British in Norway.3

Specifications

  Blohm and Voss Bv 222
Type Transport flying boat2,5, Reconnaissance flying boat2
Crew 112,5
Passengers 1102,5
Engine (Type) 6: BMW Bramo Fafnir 323R2
6: BMW Bramo 323R5
6: BMW4
OR 6: Junkers Jumo diesel2
6: Junkers Jumo 207C5
Cylinders BMW: Radial5, Radial 92
Junkers: Inline2, 125
Cooling BMW: Liquid4
HP BMW: 1,000 each2,4
Junkers: 980 each2
Dimensions  
Span 150'4, 150' 11"2, 157'5
46 m2, 48 m5
Length 105'5, 112'4, 121' 4.5"2
32 m5, 37 m2
Height 35' 9"2
10.9 m2
Weight  
Loaded 100,000 lb4, 101,000 lb5
45,900 kg5
Performance  
Speed 200 mph4, 210 mph5
336 kph5
Cruising Speed at 6,500' /
1,980 m
185 mph5
296 kph5
Service ceiling 26,000'5
7,930 m5
Maximum Endurance 19 - 20 hours5
Armament  
Turret - Dorsal 1: 20 mm2
Turret - Dorsal - Front 1: MG 1315
Turret - Dorsal - Rear 1: MG 8115
Turret - Nose 1: 13 mm MG 1315
Wing turrets 1: 20 mm2
Bow 1: 13 mm2
Beam Positions 4: 7.92 mm MG2
4: MG 815
  Blohm und Voss Bv 222A
Type Reconnaissance3
Crew 113
Passengers  
Engine (Type) 6: BMW 323 R-23
Cylinders Radial 93
Cooling Air3
HP 1,000 each3
Dimensions  
Span 150' 11"3
Length 119 9"3
Height 35' 9"3
Weight  
Loaded 100,530 lb3
Performance  
Speed 193 mph3
Service ceiling 21,325'3
Range 4,350 miles3
Armament 3: MG3
3: 20 mm3
  Blohm and Voss Bv 222C
Type Reconnaissance flying boat1, Transport1
Crew 61
Pilots (2), flight engineers (2), navigator, radio operator1
Engine (Type) 6: Junkers Jumo 207C inline diesel1,3
HP 1,000 each1,3
Dimensions  
Span 150' 11"1
46 m1
Length 121' 5"1
37 m1
Height 35' 9"1
10.9 m1
Wing area 2,745 ft2 1
255 m2 1
Weight  
Empty 67,570 lb2, 67,572 lb1
30,650 kg1,2
Loaded 108,026 lb2, 108,027 lb1
49,000 kg1,2
Performance  
Speed @ 16,400' /
5,000 m
242 mph1,2
389 kph2, 390 kph1
Cruising speed 214 mph2
344 kph2
Service ceiling 23,950'1,2
7,300 m1,2
Range 3,787 miles1, 3,790 miles2
6,095 km1, 6,100 km2
Maximum endurance 28 hours2
Armament 1: 20 mm3
3: 20 mm MG 1511
5: 13 mm3
5: 13 mm MG 1311
Wing turrets 2: 20 mm3
  Blohm and Voss Bv 222C-0
Type Long Range Reconnaissance6, Transport6
Crew 11 - 146
Armed Troops 926
Engine (Type) 6: Junkers Jumo 207C6
Cylinders Inline 126
HP 1,0006
Dimensions  
Span 150' 11"6
46 m6
Length 121' 4.67"6
37 m6
Height 35' 9"6
10.9 m6
Wing area 2,745 sq ft6
255 sq m6
Weight  
Empty 67,367 lb6
30,680 kg6
Loaded 108,026 lb6
50,000 kg6
Performance  
Speed @ 16,405' /
5,000 m
242 mph6
390 kph6
Climb 472' per minute6
144 m per minute6
Service ceiling 23,950'6
7,300 m6
Range 3,790 miles6
6,100 km6
Armament  
Bow 1: 0.51" / 13 mm6
Turret - Dorsal - Front 1: 20 mm6
Wings - Top 2: 20 mm6
Cabin Windows 4: 0.51" / 13 mm6
  Blohm and Voss Bv 238
Engine (Type) 6: Junkers Jumo 2225
Dimensions  
Span 197'5
60 m5
Weight  
Loaded 198,000 lb5
90,000 kg5

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  4. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  5. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
  6. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site