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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Messerschmitt Bf. 109 Fighter

Photos

  • Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighter
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighter
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109F fighter
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109F fighter
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109F-2 fighter

Design

In 1926 the Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (Bf) was founded. Right before World War II the company's name was changed to Messerschmitt A.G. and thus the designation of the aircraft changed from Bf to Me.

In 1934 the Reichluftfahrtministerium put out a requirement for a light and small fighter. It was to replace the Heinkel He 51 and Arado Ar 68.

The Bf 109 was designed by Willy Messerschmitt and Walter Rethel.

The Bf 109V1 went up against the Heinkel He 112, Arado Ar 80, and Focke-Wulf FW 159.

Bf 109B

The 20 mm cannon that fired through the propeller often seized up.

Bf 109C

Two machine guns were placed in the wings because of the difficulties with the 20 mm gun firing through the propellar.

Me 109E

Was the primary Luftwaffe fighter the first two years of the war. Production stopped in early 1942.

The Me 109E series had struts under the wings which were deleted in the Me 109F series and on.

Me 109F

Was intended to take advantage of the extra power of the Daimler-Benz DB 601N and 601E engines with the added benefit of aerodynamic improvements. These included smoother engine cowl with an enlarged spinner, rounded wing tips, reduced rudder, and a tailwheel that retracted. The ailerons and flaps were also improved.

In July 1940 a modified Bf 109 E with the improvements flew for the first time. Later in 1940 ten evaluation planes designed Bf 109 F-0s flew.

Me 109G

It was designed around the Daimler-Benz DB 605A engine and Bf 109 F airframe. Some variants had pressurized cabins.

There were many kits that could be installed in the factory or the field that allowed for different configurations to make a fighter-bomber, reconnaissance, and tropical versions.

The first prototype, the Bf 109 G-0 was first completed in October 1941. The Bf 109 G-1 and the Bf 109 G-2 were first used in early summer of 1942.

Me 109H

Was based on the airframe of the Bf 109 F and had a pressurized cockpit to be used at high altitudes.

The Bf 109 H-0 preproduction model had a Daimler-Benz DB 601 E-1(1,300 hp) with GM1 nitrous oxide boost.

Me 109K

The Bf 109 K was to become a standardized version. It was based on the Bf 109 G-10 with a "Galland Hood". The Bf 109 K had main undercarriage doors and a longer tailwheel to improve ground handling.

The first pre-production, the Me 109K-0, model flew in September 1944 being powered by the Daimler-Benz DB 605DB (1,850 hp).

In October 1944 deliveries of the Bf 109 K-2 and Bf 109 K-4 began.

  • Speed and Range Comparison

Prototype

The Bf 109 prototype first flew in 1935 / September 1935.
The first prototype, the Bf 109V1, flew on May 28, 1935. It had a Rolls-Royce Kestrel V engine that put out 695 HP. The second prototype flew in January 1936 with a Junkers Jumo 210A engine that put out 610 HP.

Me 109E

The prototype was designated the 109V10, had a carbureted DB 600Aa engine and first flew in June 1937. It was followed by the 109V14 and 109V15 that were flown in the middle of 1938. These had the fuel injected DB 601A engine.

Production

Production started with the Bf 109B-1 that had a Jumo 210Da engine and the first deliveries were in early 1937.

The Bf 109B-1 was the first production model. The Bf 109B-2 came next with a variable pitch propeller.

The Bf 109D was produced until late 1938.

The Me 109G was produced in Germany, Austria, Hungary, and Romania.

Few of the Me 109Hs were built as there were wing flutter problems. It was abandoned in favor of the Focke-Wulf Ta 152.

  • Messerschmitt Bf 109B, Messerschmitt Bf 109C, Messerschmitt Bf 109D: 400
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109D:
    • Production: 1937 - 1938.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E: 4,000
    • Production: 1940
      • 1939: 1,540
  • Messerschmitt Me 109F: 2,200
    • Production: February 1937 - ?
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109 G: 23,500
    • 1944: 14,212
  • Messerschmitt Me 109H:
  • Messerschmitt Me 109K: 750
  • Total: 33,000, almost 35,000
    • Manufacturer: Messerschmitt A.G.
      • Assembly Plants: Regensburg-Prufening, Regensburg-Obertraubling, Leipzig-Mockau, Delitzsch, Wiener-Neustadt
      • Components: Regensburg-Prufening, Leipzig-Heiterblick, Kottern
    • Production: 1936 - 1945
  • Production Comparison

Variants

  • Messerschmitt Bf 109:
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109B: Had Junkers Jumo 210 engine. Joined Luftwaffe in 1937.
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109C: Four MGs.
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109D: Had Daimler-Benz DB 600 engine. Hub firing cannon.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E: Had Daimler-Benz DB 601D engine with direct fuel injection.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E Trop: Tropical version for use in North Africa.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E-1: Had 4 machine guns.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E-3: Appeared in late 1939 had some with a canon firing through the propeller.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E-4: Had 4 guns and a better 20mm cannon.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E-5, Messerschmitt Me 109E-6: Were reconnaissance fighters that had less armament.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E-7: Introduced a 300 liter drop tank.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E-7/Z: Had a nitrous oxide boost.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E-8: Had a DB 601E
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E-9: Was a reconnaissance fighter.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109F: Had Daimler-Benz DB 601N engine initially and later had the Daimler-Benz DB 601E.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109F Trop: Tropical version for use in North Africa.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109F-5, Messerschmitt Me 109F-6: Had cameras and were tactical reconnaissance fighters. The F-6 had no armament.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109F-2/Trop, Messerschmitt Me 109F-4/Trop: Were versions that were modified to fight in a tropical environment.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109F-2/Z, Messerschmitt Me 109F-4/Z: Had GM1 nitrous oxide boosts.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109F-4/R1: Was a field modification that had two 20 mm cannons in gondolas under the wings.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G: Had Daimler-Benz DB 605 engine. In use from 1942 to 1945.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-0:
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-1: Cabin was pressurised. GM-1 (Nitreous-Oxide) equipment was optional. Had FuG 7A radio gear.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-1/Trop: was a tropical version.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-2: Similar to Me 109G-1. Cabin was unpressurised. No GM-1 equipment. Had FuG 7A radio gear.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-3: Similar to Me 109G-1. Had FuG 16Z radio gear.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-4: Similar to Me 109G-2. Had FuG 16Z radio gear.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-5: Had a MW50 boosted Daimler-Benz 605D. Pressurized cabin.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-5/U2: Had a wooden tailplane.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-6: Similar to G-5. No pressurized cabin. Had two under wing 20 mm Was also the standardized version to fit the Rüstsätze (field conversion) and Umrüst-Bausätze (factory) optional equipment packages. Late production had wooden tail units to conserve on metal.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-6/U2: Had a wooden tailplane.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-6/U4: Had one or three 3 cm MK 108 cannons and two 13 mm MG 131 machine guns.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-6/N: Was a night fighter.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-7: Had a wooden tail and semi-retractable tailwheel.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-8: Was used for armed reconnaissance.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-10: Had low octane DB 605D or high octane DB 605DB with MW 50 and "Galland" hood for better visability. Could go 429 mph / 690 kph.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-12: Was an unarmed two seat trainer. Had DB 605 A engine.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-14: Standardized engines. Late production had wooden tail units.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-16: Had a DB 605D engine and more armor protection.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109H: High altitude version. Had span increased. Did not go into service.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109K: Had Daimler-Benz DB 605 boosted engine.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109K-2:
  • Messerschmitt Me 109K-4: Had a pressurized cabin. Was main production model with around 700 built.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109K-6: Revised armament. Used MW 50 power boost.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109K-14: Had two stage supercharged 1,725 hp Daimler-Benz DB 605L. Used MW 40 power boost. Did not go into service.
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109 T: Was developed for the Graf Zeppelin aircraft carrier. Around 60 were built in 1941.
  • Messerschmitt Me 209: Used Daimler-Benz DB 603 engine. Landing gear retracted inwards. Not used operationally.

 

  • Those that had a /B suffix (example 109E-1/B) were fighter bombers. The E-4/N and E-7 had a DB 601N engine.
  • Those that had a /Trop suffix (example 109E-4/Trop) were tropical versions.

Usage

Spanish Civil War

In late 1936 three prototypes were sent to Spain for evaluation. In March 1937 45 more joined the Condor Legion. Initially the Bf 109 B was used, but the Bf 109C was sent in early 1938.

Speed Record

In July 1937 a specially modified Bf 109 set a world record of 379.39 mph at the International Air Show in Zurich.

Poland

About 300 of the Bf 109 As - Bf 109 Ds took part in the invasion of Poland. These were soon replaced by the Bf 109 E and were used as trainers.

United Kingdom

The Royal Air Force used captured Bf 109s in mock combats with Hurricanes and Spitfires.

Used by Germany, Hungary, Spain, and Switzerland.

Me 109E

Used by Bulgaria (19), Croatia, Germany, Romania (69), Slovakia (14), Spain (20), Switzerland (80), and Yugoslavia (73).

Spain

Early models of the Me 109E were shipped to Spain towards the end of 1938.

Invasion of Poland

2/3s of the 1,000 Bf 109s in service at the time of the Polish invasion were Emils.

France

France captured a Me 109E, but it was lost in a collision with a Hawk 75A.

Me 109E-4 Pilot Escapes

Pilot Franz von Werra was the only German to escape a western Allied prison camp and get back to Germany.

Me 109F

The first Bf 109 F entered service in January 1941. The F-2 followed, and then the F-3 entered service in 1942.

Around 2/3s of the fighter strength that was used in the invasion of Russia was Bf 109 Fs. These were also used in North Africa.

Used in Croatia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, and Spain.

Me 109G

It was used by Bulgaria, Croatia, Finland, Germany, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, and Switzerland in World War II.

Me 109H

Used by Germany in France starting in early 1944.

Me 109K

Used by Germany and Italy.

Specifications

  S-199
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Jumo 211F
Cylinders Inverted V-12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 1,350
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6.5"
9.92 m
Height 8' 6"
2.59 m
Performance  
Range 365-460 miles
  HA-1109
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Hispano-Suiza 12Z-89
Cylinders Upright V-12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 1,300
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6.5"
9.92 m
Length 29' 11"
Height 8' 6"
2.59 m
Performance  
Range 365-460 miles
  M1L
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) R-R Merlin 500-45
Cylinders Upright V-12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 1,400
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6.5"
9.92 m
Length  
Height 8' 6"
2.59 m
Performance  
Range 365-460 miles
  Bf 109A
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Dimensions  
Span 32' 4.5"
9.87 m
Height 8' 6"
2.59 m
Performance  
Range 365-460 miles
  Bf 109B
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Junkers Jumo 210D, Junkers Jumo 210Da
Cylinders Inverted V-12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 635, 720
Propeller 2 blades
Dimensions  
Span 32' 4.5"
9.87 m
Length 27' 11", 28'
Height 8' 0.5", 8' 6"
2.59 m
Weight  
Empty 3,318 lb
1,505 kg
Loaded 4,740 lb
2,150 kg
Performance  
Range 365-460 miles
Armament  
Above engine 2: Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 17 MGs
2: 7.9 mm MG
Propeller hub 1: Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 17 MGs, 2 cm
  Bf 109B-1
Weight  
Empty 3,483 lb
Loaded 4,850 lb
Performance  
Speed 292 mph
Climb 2,200'/min
Service ceiling 26,575'
  Bf 109C
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Junkers Jumo 210D
Cylinders Inverted V-12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 635
Dimensions  
Span 32' 4.5"
9.87 m
Length 27' 11", 28'
Height 8' 0.5", 8' 6"
2.59 m
Performance  
Speed 323 mph
Range 365-460 miles
Armament  
Above engine 2: Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 17 MGs
Wings 2: Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 17 MGs
  Bf 109C-1
Engine (Type) Jumo 210Ga
Net HP 730
Propeller 2 blades
Weight  
Empty 3,522 lb
1,598 kg
Loaded 5,062 lb
2,296 kg
Performance  
Speed @ sea level 261 mph
420 kph
Speed @ 14,765' / 4,500 m 292 mph
470 kph
Climb 8.8' to 16,405' / 5,000 m
Service ceiling 27,560'
8,400 m
Range 405 miles
652 km
Armament  
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG
Wings 2: 7.9 mm MG
  Bf 109C-2
Armament  
Propeller hub 1: Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 17 MGs
  Bf 109D
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 600Aa
Cylinders Inverted V-12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 720, 1,000
Propeller 2 blades
Dimensions  
Span 32' 4.5"
9.87 m
Length 28', 28' 4"
8.64 m
Height 8' 0.5", 8' 6"
2.59 m
Performance  
Speed 348-354 mph
560 - 570 kph
Range 365-460 miles
Armament  
Above engine 4: 7.9 mm MG
Wings 4: 7.9 mm MG
  Me 109E
Type Fighter, Fighter-bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601A
Daimler-Benz DB 601Aa
OR Daimler-Benz DB 601E
OR Daimler-Benz DB 601N
Cylinders Inverted V-12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 1,150, 1,175, 1,300
Propeller 3-blade
Dimensions  
Span 32' 3", 32' 4.5"
9.87 m
Length 28', 28' 4", 28' 8"
8.64 m
Height 7' 5.5", 7' 6", 8' 2"
2.28 m, 2.49 m
Weight  
Empty 4,189 lb - 4,421 lb
Loaded 5,523 - 5,875 lb, 5,600 lb
2,505 - 2,665 kg
Performance  
Speed 350 mph
Climb 3,100 - 3,280'/minute
3,100'/minute
945 m/minute
Service ceiling 34,450'
10,500 m
Range 365-460 miles, 410 miles, 560 miles
660 km
Armament Early: 4: Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 17 MGs
Above engine 4: MG
Later: 2: Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 17 MGs
Rounds Later: 1,000 each OR 500 each
Wings 2: 20 mm
Later: 2: MG FF
Rounds 60 each
Propeller hub Later: if 500 round MGs then 1: 20 mm MG FF
Bombs Early 4 50 kg or 250 kg
551 lb
250 kg
Quantity 1
  Me 109E-1
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Daimler Benz DB 601A
Cylinders V-12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 1,050
Dimensions  
Span 32' 4"
Length 28' 5"
Height 8' 2"
Weight  
Loaded 4,431 lb
Performance  
Speed @ 13,120' 342 mph
Service ceiling 34,450'
Range 410 miles
Armament 2: MGs
4: MGs
2: 20 mm
  Me 109E-3
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601A
Cylinders Inverted V-12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 1,175
Dimensions  
Span 32' 4"
9.87 m
Length 28' 4"
8.64 m
Height 8' 3"
2.5 m
Wing area 176 ft2
16.4 m2
Weight  
Empty 4,180 lb, 4,189 lb
1,900 kg
Loaded 5,863 lb, 5,875 lb
2,665 kg
Performance  
Speed @ sea level 290 mph
466 kph
Speed @ 14,560' / 4440 m 347 mph, 348 mph
560 kph
Climb 3,300'/minute
1,000 m/minute
Service ceiling 34,400'
10,500 m
Range 410 miles
660 km
Armament 4: 7.9 mm MG 17
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG
Wings 20 mm
Propeller hub 20 mm (some models)
20 mm MG FF
  Me 109E-4
Engine (Type) /N: Daimler-Benz DB 601N
Net HP /N: 1,200
Armament  
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG
Wings 20 mm
  Me 109E-7
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601N
Net HP 1,200
  Me 109E-8
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601E
Net HP 1,350
  Me 109F
Type Fighter, Fighter-bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601E
Cylinders Inverted V-12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 1,300
Propeller 3 blade
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6.5"
9.92 m
Length 29' 0.5", 29' 2.5"
8.9 m
Height 8' 6", 8' 6.5"
2.59 m , 2.81 m
Weight  
Empty ~4,330 lb
Loaded 3: 6,054 lb
Performance  
Service ceiling ~38,000'
~11,600 m
Range 365-460 miles
Armament  
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG
Propeller hub 15 mm
  Me 109F-1
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601N
Mercedes-Benz DB 601N
Cylinders  
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 1,150, 1,270
Propeller 3
Dimensions  
Span 33'
Length 29' 8"
Height 7' 1"
Weight  
Loaded 6,000 lb
Performance  
Speed 370 mph
Range 600 miles
Armament 2: Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 17
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG
2: MG
Propeller hub 15 mm
20 mm
Bomb 110 lb
  Me 109F-2
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Daimler Benz Db 601 N
Cylinders V 12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 1,200, 1,270
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6"
Length 29'
Height 8' 6"
Weight  
Empty 5,188 lb
2,353 kg
Loaded 6,173 lb
2,800 kg
Performance  
Speed @ 21,300' 373 mph
Service ceiling 36,000'
Range 440 miles
Armament  
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG
2: MGs
1: 15 mm
Propeller hub 15 mm
  Me 109F-3
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601E-1
Net HP 1,350
Performance  
Speed 390 mph
Armament Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 17
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG
Propeller hub 15 mm
  Me 109F-4
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601E-1
Net HP 1,350
Weight  
Empty 5,269 lb
2,390 kg
Loaded 6,393 lb
2,900 kg
Performance  
Speed @ sea level 334 mph
537 kph
Speed @ 21,325' / 6,500 m 388 mph
624 kph
Climb 4,290'/min
1,308 m/min
Service ceiling 39,370'
12,000 m
Range - with drop tanks 528 miles
850 km
Armament  
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG
Propeller hub 20 mm
  Me 109F-4B
Armament  
Bombs 551 lb
250 kg
  Me 109G
Type Fighter, Fighter-Bomber, Reconnaissance
Crew 1
Engine (Type) DB 605 A, Daimler-Benz DB 605A-1 up to DB 605D
OR DB 605 AM
OR DB 605 AS
OR DB 605 ASB
OR DB 605 ASM
OR DB 605 D
Cylinders Inverted V-12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 605A-1: 1,475
605D: 1,800 with MW50 boost
Propeller 3 blade, VDM constant speed, 9' 10" diameter
Fuel Capacity 88 gallons
Drop Tank - Under Fuselage 66 gallons
Drop Tank - Under Wings 2: 66 gallons
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6.5"
9.9 m, 9.92 m
Length 29' 4", 29' 7.5", 29' 8"
8.9 m, 9.03 m, 9.04 m
Height 8' 2.5", 8' 6", 12'
2.5 m, 2.59 m, 3.4 m
Wing area 173 sq ft
16.2 sq m
Weight  
Empty 5,880 - 6,180 lb
2,667 - 2,800 kg
Loaded 7,000 - 7,700 lb, 7,496 lb
3,178 - 3,496 kg, 3,400 kg
Loaded - Maximum 8,100 lb
3,678 kg
Performance  
Speed 353 - 428 mph
569 - 690 kph
Climb 2,700 - 4,000'/min
Service ceiling ~38,000'
~11,600m
Range 365-460 miles
Armament  
Engine Cowling 2: 13 mm MG 131 MG
Propeller 1: 2 cm MG 151/20
Wings - Optional 2: 2 cm MG 151/20
Bombs 1: 250 kg
OR 4: 70 kg
OR 4: 50 kg
  Me 109G-0
Type Fighter
Engine (Type) DB 601 E
Armament 1: 2 cm MG 151/20
2: 7.9 mm MG 17
OR 3: 2 cm MG 151/20
  Me 109G-1
Type Fighter
Engine (Type) DB 605 A
Armament 1: 2 cm MG 151/20
2: 7.9 mm MG 17
OR 3: 2 cm MG 151/20
  Me 109G-2
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 605A, Daimler-Benz DB 605 A-1
Cylinders Inverted V-12, V 12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 1,475
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6"
Length 29'
Height 8' 2"
Weight  
Empty 5,687 lb
2,580 kg
Loaded 6,834 lb
3,100 kg
Performance  
Speed at 28,540' 406 mph
Service ceiling 39,370'
Range 528 miles
Armament 2: MG
1: 20 mm
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG
Propeller hub 20 mm
  Me 109G-5
Type Fighter
Engine (Type) DB 605 A
OR DB 605 D
Armament 1: 2 cm MG 151/20
2: 13 mm MG 131
  Me 109G-6
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 605A
Daimler-Benz DB 605AM
OR DB 605 AS
OR DB 605 AM
OR DB 605 D
Cylinders Inline
Net HP 1,475, 1,800
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6.5"
9.92 m
Length 29' 7"
9.02 m
Height 11' 2"
3.4 m
Wing area 172.8 ft2
16.05 m2
Weight  
Empty 5,893 lb, 5,952 lb
2,673 kg, 2,700 kg
Loaded 6,940 lb, 6,944 lb
3,148 kg, 3,150 kg
Max overload 7,496 lb
3,400 kg
Performance  
Speed @ sea level 340 mph
547 kph
Speed @ 22,640' / 6,900 m 386 mph
621 kph
Speed @ 22,965' /
7,000 m
387 mph
623 kph
Climb 3,346'/min
1,020 m/min
Climb to 19,685' /
6,000 m
6 minutes
Service ceiling 37,890', 38,550'
11,500 m, 11,750
Range 350 miles, 450 miles
563 km, 725 km
Range with drop tanks 620 miles
998 km
Armament  
Above engine 2: 13 mm
2: 7.92 mm MG 17
Wings - under 2: 20 mm
2: 20 mm MG 151/20
Propeller hub 1: 20 mm
1: 30 mm MK 108
  Me 109G-8 to G-16
Type Fighter-bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 605A, DB 605AM, DB 604AS, DB 605ASB, or DB 605D
With MW50 methanol-water or GM1 nitrous-oxide boost.
Cylinders Inverted V-12
Net HP 1,800-2,000
Propeller 3 blade
Dimensions  
Span 36' 6.5"
9.92 m
Length 29' 7.5"
9.03 m
Height 8' 2.5"
2.5 m
  Me 109G-10
Engine (Type) DB 605 D
Weight  
Loaded 7,700 lb
3,493 kg
Performance  
Speed at Sea Level with DB 605 D and MW 50 Boost 344 mph
550 kph
Speed at Sea Level 342 mph
550 kph
Speed at 24,280' / 7,400 m 426 mph
685 kph
Speed at 24,250' / 7,600 m with DB 605 D and MW 50 Boost 428 mph
685 kph
Climb to 20,000' with DB 605 D and MW 50 Boost 6 minutes
Service ceiling 41,175'
12,550 m
Range 350 miles
563 km
Range with DB 605 D and MW 50 Boost 350 miles
569 km
Endurance with DB 605 D and MW 50 Boost 55 minutes
Armament  
Above engine 2: 13 mm
Propeller hub 20 mm or 30 mm
  Me 109G-14
Engine (Type) DB 605 A
OR DB 605 AM
OR DB 605 AS
OR DB 605 ASB
OR DB 605 ASM
OR DB 605 D
Armament  
Above engine 2: 13 mm
Propeller hub 20 mm
  Me Bf 109H
Type Fighter-bomber
Crew 1
Dimensions  
Span 39' 1.25"
11.92 m
  Me 109H -1
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601A
Daimler-Benz DB 601E
Cylinders Inverted V-12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 1,300
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6.5"
9.92 m
Height 8' 6"
2.59 m
Performance  
Range 365-460 miles
  Me 109K
Type Fighter, Fighter-bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB605ASCM/DCM
Cylinders Inverted V-12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 2,000 with MW50 boost
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6.5"
9.92 m
Length 29' 4"
Height 8' 6"
2.59 m
Weight  
Empty 6,000 lb
Loaded 7,439 lb
3,375 kg
Performance  
Range 365-460 miles
  Me 109K-4
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Daimler Benz DB 605 ASCM, DB 605 D
OR Daimler-Benz DB605 DCM
Cylinders Inverted V-12, V 12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 2,000
DB605ASCM: 2,000 with MW50 boost,
DB605DCM: 1,800
Dimensions  
Span 32' 8", 32' 8.5"
9.92 m
Length 29', 29' 7.5"
9.03 m
Height 8' 2", 8' 2.5"
2.5 m
Weight  
Empty 4,886 lb
2,216 kg
Loaded 7,400 lb, 7,440 lb, 7,475 lb
3,360 kg, 3,375 kg
Max overload 7,937 lb
3,600 kg
Performance  
Speed 452 mph
729 mph
Speed at sea level 378 mph
608 kph
Speed at 19,685' / 6,000 m 452 mph
27 kph
Speed at 24,600' / 7,500 m 440 mph
704 kph
Climb 4,820'/min, 4,823'/min
1,469 m/min, 1,470 m/min
Service ceiling 41,000', 41,010'
12,500m
Range 356 miles, 365 miles, 366 miles
584 km, 590 km
Endurance 50 minutes
Armament 2: 15 mm
1: 30 mm
Above engine 2: 13 mm
Wings optional 2: 20 mm
Propeller hub 30 mm
  Me 109K-6
Type Fighter
Engine (Type) DB 605 D
Weight  
Loaded 7,920 lb
3,596 kg
Performance  
Speed at 19,700' / 6,000 m 440 mph
704 kph
Armament  
Above engine 2: 13 mm MG 131
Wings 2: 3 cm MK 103
Propeller hub 1: 3 cm MK 108
  Me 109K-14
Type Fighter
Engine (Type) DB 605 L
Performance  
Speed 460 mph
Speed at 37,750' / 11,515 m 455 mph
728 kph
Armament 1: 3 cm MK 108
2: 13 mm MG 131

Sources:

  1. The Illustrated Directory of Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Bill Gunston, 1998
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  4. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  5. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  6. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  7. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site