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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Messerschmitt Bf. 109 Fighter

Photos

  • Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighter
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighter
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109F fighter
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109F fighter
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109F-2 fighter

Design

In 1926 the Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (Bf) was founded.7 Right before World War II the company's name was changed to Messerschmitt A.G. and thus the designation of the aircraft changed from Bf to Me.7

In 1934 the Reichluftfahrtministerium put out a requirement for a light and small fighter.2,5 It was to replace the Heinkel He 51 and Arado Ar 68.5

The Bf 109 was designed by Willy Messerschmitt and Walter Rethel.5

The Bf 109V1 went up against the Heinkel He 112, Arado Ar 80, and Focke-Wulf FW 159.2

Bf 109B

The 20 mm cannon that fired through the propeller often seized up.7

Bf 109C

Two machine guns were placed in the wings because of the difficulties with the 20 mm gun firing through the propellar.7

Me 109E

Was the primary Luftwaffe fighter the first two years of the war.2 Production stopped in early 1942.2

The Me 109E series had struts under the wings which were deleted in the Me 109F series and on.3

Me 109F

Was intended to take advantage of the extra power of the Daimler-Benz DB 601N and 601E engines with the added benefit of aerodynamic improvements.2 These included smoother engine cowl with an enlarged spinner, rounded wing tips, reduced rudder, and a tailwheel that retracted.2 The ailerons and flaps were also improved.2

In July 1940 a modified Bf 109 E with the improvements flew for the first time.2 Later in 1940 ten evaluation planes designed Bf 109 F-0s flew.2

Me 109G

It was designed around the Daimler-Benz DB 605A engine and Bf 109 F airframe.2 Some variants had pressurized cabins.2,7

There were many kits that could be installed in the factory or the field that allowed for different configurations to make a fighter-bomber, reconnaissance, and tropical versions.2

The first prototype, the Bf 109 G-0 was first completed in October 1941.2 The Bf 109 G-1 and the Bf 109 G-2 were first used in early summer of 1942.2

Me 109H

Was based on the airframe of the Bf 109 F and had a pressurized cockpit to be used at high altitudes.2

The Bf 109 H-0 preproduction model had a Daimler-Benz DB 601 E-1(1,300 hp) with GM1 nitrous oxide boost.2

Me 109K

The Bf 109 K was to become a standardized version.2 It was based on the Bf 109 G-10 with a "Galland Hood".2 The Bf 109 K had main undercarriage doors and a longer tailwheel to improve ground handling.2

The first pre-production, the Me 109K-0, model flew in September 1944 being powered by the Daimler-Benz DB 605DB (1,850 hp).2

In October 1944 deliveries of the Bf 109 K-2 and Bf 109 K-4 began.2

  • Speed and Range Comparison

Prototype

The Bf 109 prototype first flew in 19357 / September 1935.4
The first prototype, the Bf 109V1, flew on May 28, 1935.2 It had a Rolls-Royce Kestrel V engine that put out 695 HP.2,5 The second prototype flew in January 1936 with a Junkers Jumo 210A engine that put out 610 HP.2

Me 109E

The prototype was designated the 109V10, had a carbureted DB 600Aa engine and first flew in June 1937.2 It was followed by the 109V14 and 109V15 that were flown in the middle of 1938.2 These had the fuel injected DB 601A engine.2

Production

Production started with the Bf 109B-1 that had a Jumo 210Da engine and the first deliveries were in early 1937.2

The Bf 109B-1 was the first production model.2 The Bf 109B-2 came next with a variable pitch propeller.2

The Bf 109D was produced until late 1938.2

The Me 109G was produced in Germany, Austria, Hungary, and Romania.2

Few of the Me 109Hs were built as there were wing flutter problems.2 It was abandoned in favor of the Focke-Wulf Ta 152.2

  • Messerschmitt Bf 109B, Messerschmitt Bf 109C, Messerschmitt Bf 109D: 4002
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109D:
    • Production: 1937 - 1938.4
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E: 4,0002
    • Production: 19404
      • 1939: 1,5405
  • Messerschmitt Me 109F: 2,2002
    • Production: February 1937 - ?5
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109 G: 23,5002
    • 1944: 14,2122
  • Messerschmitt Me 109H:
  • Messerschmitt Me 109K: 7502
  • Total: 33,0004, almost 35,0005
    • Manufacturer: Messerschmitt A.G.5,7
      • Assembly Plants: Regensburg-Prufening, Regensburg-Obertraubling, Leipzig-Mockau, Delitzsch, Wiener-Neustadt7
      • Components: Regensburg-Prufening, Leipzig-Heiterblick, Kottern7
    • Production: 1936 - 19455
  • Production Comparison

Variants

  • Messerschmitt Bf 109:
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109B: Had Junkers Jumo 210 engine.4,5 Joined Luftwaffe in 1937.4
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109C: Four MGs.4
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109D: Had Daimler-Benz DB 600 engine.4 Hub firing cannon.4
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E: Had Daimler-Benz DB 601D engine with direct fuel injection.4
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E Trop: Tropical version for use in North Africa.4
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E-1: Had 4 machine guns.
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E-3: Appeared in late 1939 had some with a canon firing through the propeller.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E-4: Had 4 guns and a better 20mm cannon.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E-5, Messerschmitt Me 109E-6: Were reconnaissance fighters that had less armament.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E-7: Introduced a 300 liter drop tank.3
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E-7/Z: Had a nitrous oxide boost.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E-8: Had a DB 601E 2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109E-9: Was a reconnaissance fighter.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109F: Had Daimler-Benz DB 601N engine initially and later had the Daimler-Benz DB 601E.4
  • Messerschmitt Me 109F Trop: Tropical version for use in North Africa.4
  • Messerschmitt Me 109F-5, Messerschmitt Me 109F-6: Had cameras and were tactical reconnaissance fighters.2 The F-6 had no armament.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109F-2/Trop, Messerschmitt Me 109F-4/Trop: Were versions that were modified to fight in a tropical environment.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109F-2/Z, Messerschmitt Me 109F-4/Z: Had GM1 nitrous oxide boosts.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109F-4/R1: Was a field modification that had two 20 mm cannons in gondolas under the wings.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G: Had Daimler-Benz DB 605 engine.4 In use from 1942 to 1945.4
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-0:
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-1: Cabin was pressurised.2,7 GM-1 (Nitreous-Oxide) equipment was optional.7 Had FuG 7A radio gear.7
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-1/Trop: was a tropical version.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-2: Similar to Me 109G-1.7 Cabin was unpressurised.2,7 No GM-1 equipment.7 Had FuG 7A radio gear.7
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-3: Similar to Me 109G-1.7 Had FuG 16Z radio gear.2,7
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-4: Similar to Me 109G-2.7 Had FuG 16Z radio gear.2,7
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-5: Had a MW50 boosted Daimler-Benz 605D.2 Pressurized cabin.7
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-5/U2: Had a wooden tailplane.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-6: Similar to G-5.7 No pressurized cabin.7 Had two under wing 20 mm2 Was also the standardized version to fit the Rüstsätze (field conversion) and Umrüst-Bausätze (factory) optional equipment packages.2 Late production had wooden tail units to conserve on metal.7
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-6/U2: Had a wooden tailplane.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-6/U4: Had one or three 3 cm MK 108 cannons and two 13 mm MG 131 machine guns.7
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-6/N: Was a night fighter.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-7: Had a wooden tail and semi-retractable tailwheel.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-8: Was used for armed reconnaissance.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-10: Had low octane DB 605D or high octane DB 605DB with MW 50 and "Galland" hood for better visability.2 Could go 429 mph / 690 kph.4
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-12: Was an unarmed two seat trainer.2,7 Had DB 605 A engine.7
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-14: Standardized engines.2 Late production had wooden tail units.7
  • Messerschmitt Me 109G-16: Had a DB 605D engine and more armor protection.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109H: High altitude version.4,7 Had span increased.7 Did not go into service.7
  • Messerschmitt Me 109K: Had Daimler-Benz DB 605 boosted engine.4
  • Messerschmitt Me 109K-2:
  • Messerschmitt Me 109K-4: Had a pressurized cabin.2 Was main production model with around 700 built.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 109K-6: Revised armament.2 Used MW 50 power boost.7
  • Messerschmitt Me 109K-14: Had two stage supercharged 1,725 hp Daimler-Benz DB 605L.2 Used MW 40 power boost.7 Did not go into service.7
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109 T: Was developed for the Graf Zeppelin aircraft carrier.2,4 Around 60 were built in 1941.2
  • Messerschmitt Me 209: Used Daimler-Benz DB 603 engine.7 Landing gear retracted inwards.7 Not used operationally.7

 

  • Those that had a /B suffix (example 109E-1/B) were fighter bombers.2 The E-4/N and E-7 had a DB 601N engine.2
  • Those that had a /Trop suffix (example 109E-4/Trop) were tropical versions.2

Usage

Spanish Civil War

In late 1936 three prototypes were sent to Spain for evaluation.2 In March 1937 45 more joined the Condor Legion.2 Initially the Bf 109 B5 was used, but the Bf 109C was sent in early 1938.2

Speed Record

In July 1937 a specially modified Bf 109 set a world record of 379.39 mph at the International Air Show in Zurich.5

Poland

About 300 of the Bf 109 As - Bf 109 Ds took part in the invasion of Poland.2 These were soon replaced by the Bf 109 E and were used as trainers.2

United Kingdom

The Royal Air Force used captured Bf 109s in mock combats with Hurricanes and Spitfires.3

Used by Germany, Hungary, Spain, and Switzerland.2

Me 109E

Used by Bulgaria (19), Croatia, Germany, Romania (69), Slovakia (14), Spain (20), Switzerland (80), and Yugoslavia (73).2

Spain

Early models of the Me 109E were shipped to Spain towards the end of 1938.3

Invasion of Poland

2/3s of the 1,000 Bf 109s in service at the time of the Polish invasion were Emils.2

France

France captured a Me 109E, but it was lost in a collision with a Hawk 75A.3

Me 109E-4 Pilot Escapes

Pilot Franz von Werra was the only German to escape a western Allied prison camp and get back to Germany.3

Me 109F

The first Bf 109 F entered service in January 1941.2 The F-2 followed, and then the F-3 entered service in 1942.2

Around 2/3s of the fighter strength that was used in the invasion of Russia was Bf 109 Fs.2 These were also used in North Africa.2

Used in Croatia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, and Spain.2

Me 109G

It was used by Bulgaria, Croatia, Finland, Germany, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, and Switzerland in World War II.2

Me 109H

Used by Germany in France starting in early 1944.2

Me 109K

Used by Germany and Italy.2

Specifications

  S-199
Type Fighter1
Crew 11
Engine (Type) Jumo 211F1
Cylinders Inverted V-121
Cooling Liquid1
Net HP 1,3501
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6.5"1
9.92 m1
Height 8' 6"1
2.59 m1
Performance  
Range 365-460 miles1
  HA-1109
Type Fighter1
Crew 11
Engine (Type) Hispano-Suiza 12Z-891
Cylinders Upright V-121
Cooling Liquid1
Net HP 1,3001
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6.5"1
9.92 m1
Length 29' 11"1
Height 8' 6"1
2.59 m1
Performance  
Range 365-460 miles1
  M1L
Type Fighter1
Crew 11
Engine (Type) R-R Merlin 500-451
Cylinders Upright V-121
Cooling Liquid1
Net HP 1,4001
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6.5"1
9.92 m1
Length  
Height 8' 6"1
2.59 m1
Performance  
Range 365-460 miles1
  Bf 109A
Type Fighter1
Crew 11
Dimensions  
Span 32' 4.5"1
9.87 m1
Height 8' 6"1
2.59 m1
Performance  
Range 365-460 miles1
  Bf 109B
Type Fighter1,2
Crew 11,2
Engine (Type) Junkers Jumo 210D1, Junkers Jumo 210Da2
Cylinders Inverted V-121,2
Cooling Liquid1
Net HP 6351, 7202
Propeller 2 blades2
Dimensions  
Span 32' 4.5"1,2
9.87 m1
Length 27' 11"1, 28'2
Height 8' 0.5"2, 8' 6"1
2.59 m1
Weight  
Empty 3,318 lb2
1,505 kg2
Loaded 4,740 lb2
2,150 kg2
Performance  
Range 365-460 miles1
Armament  
Above engine 2: Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 17 MGs1
2: 7.9 mm MG2
Propeller hub 1: Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 17 MGs1, 2 cm7
  Bf 109B-1
Weight  
Empty 3,483 lb1
Loaded 4,850 lb1
Performance  
Speed 292 mph1
Climb 2,200'/min1
Service ceiling 26,575'1
  Bf 109C
Type Fighter1
Crew 11
Engine (Type) Junkers Jumo 210D1
Cylinders Inverted V-121
Cooling Liquid1
Net HP 6351
Dimensions  
Span 32' 4.5"1,2
9.87 m1
Length 27' 11"1, 28'2
Height 8' 0.5"2, 8' 6"1
2.59 m1
Performance  
Speed 323 mph1
Range 365-460 miles1
Armament  
Above engine 2: Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 17 MGs1
Wings 2: Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 17 MGs1
  Bf 109C-1
Engine (Type) Jumo 210Ga2
Net HP 7302
Propeller 2 blades2
Weight  
Empty 3,522 lb2
1,598 kg
Loaded 5,062 lb2
2,296 kg2
Performance  
Speed @ sea level 261 mph2
420 kph2
Speed @ 14,765' / 4,500 m 292 mph2
470 kph2
Climb 8.8' to 16,405' / 5,000 m2
Service ceiling 27,560'2
8,400 m2
Range 405 miles2
652 km2
Armament  
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG2
Wings 2: 7.9 mm MG2
  Bf 109C-2
Armament  
Propeller hub 1: Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 17 MGs1
  Bf 109D
Type Fighter1
Crew 11
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 600Aa1
Cylinders Inverted V-121
Cooling Liquid1
Net HP 7202, 1,0001
Propeller 2 blades2
Dimensions  
Span 32' 4.5"1,2
9.87 m1
Length 28'2, 28' 4"1
8.64 m1
Height 8' 0.5"2, 8' 6"1
2.59 m1
Performance  
Speed 348-354 mph1
560 - 570 kph1
Range 365-460 miles1
Armament  
Above engine 4: 7.9 mm MG2
Wings 4: 7.9 mm MG2
  Me 109E
Type Fighter1,6, Fighter-bomber2
Crew 11,2
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601A1,6
Daimler-Benz DB 601Aa2
OR Daimler-Benz DB 601E1
OR Daimler-Benz DB 601N1
Cylinders Inverted V-121,2
Cooling Liquid1,6
Net HP 1,1506, 1,1752, 1,3001
Propeller 3-blade2
Dimensions  
Span 32' 3"6, 32' 4.5"1,2
9.87 m1,2
Length 28'2, 28' 4"1, 28' 8"6
8.64 m1,2
Height 7' 5.5"1, 7' 6"6, 8' 2"2
2.28 m1, 2.49 m2
Weight  
Empty 4,189 lb - 4,421 lb1
Loaded 5,523 - 5,875 lb1, 5,600 lb6
2,505 - 2,665 kg1
Performance  
Speed 350 mph6
Climb 3,100 - 3,280'/minute1
3,100'/minute2
945 m/minute2
Service ceiling 34,450'1,2
10,500 m1,2
Range 365-460 miles1, 410 miles2, 560 miles6
660 km2
Armament Early: 4: Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 17 MGs1
Above engine 4: MG6
Later: 2: Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 17 MGs1
Rounds Later: 1,000 each1 OR 500 each
Wings 2: 20 mm6
Later: 2: MG FF1
Rounds 60 each1
Propeller hub Later: if 500 round MGs then 1: 20 mm MG FF1
Bombs Early 4 50 kg or 250 kg1
551 lb2
250 kg2
Quantity 1
  Me 109E-1
Type Fighter5
Crew 15
Engine (Type) Daimler Benz DB 601A5
Cylinders V-125
Cooling Liquid5
Net HP 1,0505
Dimensions  
Span 32' 4"5
Length 28' 5"5
Height 8' 2"5
Weight  
Loaded 4,431 lb5
Performance  
Speed @ 13,120' 342 mph5
Service ceiling 34,450'5
Range 410 miles5
Armament 2: MGs5
4: MGs2
2: 20 mm5
  Me 109E-3
Type Fighter1,3
Crew 13
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601A3
Cylinders Inverted V-123
Cooling Liquid3
Net HP 1,1753
Dimensions  
Span 32' 4"3
9.87 m3
Length 28' 4"3
8.64 m3
Height 8' 3"3
2.5 m3
Wing area 176 ft2 3
16.4 m2 3
Weight  
Empty 4,180 lb3, 4,189 lb2
1,900 kg2,3
Loaded 5,863 lb3, 5,875 lb2
2,665 kg2,3
Performance  
Speed @ sea level 290 mph2
466 kph2
Speed @ 14,560' / 4440 m 347 mph3, 348 mph2
560 kph2,3
Climb 3,300'/minute3
1,000 m/minute3
Service ceiling 34,400'3
10,500 m3
Range 410 miles3
660 km3
Armament 4: 7.9 mm MG 173
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG2
Wings 20 mm2
Propeller hub 20 mm (some models)2
20 mm MG FF3
  Me 109E-4
Engine (Type) /N: Daimler-Benz DB 601N2
Net HP /N: 1,2002
Armament  
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG2
Wings 20 mm2
  Me 109E-7
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601N2
Net HP 1,2002
  Me 109E-8
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601E2
Net HP 1,3502
  Me 109F
Type Fighter1, Fighter-bomber2
Crew 11
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601E1
Cylinders Inverted V-121,2
Cooling Liquid1
Net HP 1,3001
Propeller 3 blade2
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6.5"1,2
9.92 m1,2
Length 29' 0.5"1, 29' 2.5"2
8.9 m2
Height 8' 6"1, 8' 6.5"2
2.59 m1 , 2.81 m2
Weight  
Empty ~4,330 lb1
Loaded 3: 6,054 lb1
Performance  
Service ceiling ~38,000'1
~11,600 m1
Range 365-460 miles1
Armament  
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG2
Propeller hub 15 mm2
  Me 109F-1
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601N2
Mercedes-Benz DB 601N6
Cylinders  
Cooling Liquid6
Net HP 1,1506, 1,2702
Propeller 36
Dimensions  
Span 33'6
Length 29' 8"6
Height 7' 1"6
Weight  
Loaded 6,000 lb6
Performance  
Speed 370 mph6
Range 600 miles6
Armament 2: Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 171
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG2
2: MG6
Propeller hub 15 mm2
20 mm6
Bomb 110 lb6
  Me 109F-2
Type Fighter5
Crew 15
Engine (Type) Daimler Benz Db 601 N5
Cylinders V 125
Cooling Liquid5
Net HP 1,2005, 1,2702
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6"5
Length 29'5
Height 8' 6"5
Weight  
Empty 5,188 lb2
2,353 kg2
Loaded 6,173 lb2,5
2,800 kg2
Performance  
Speed @ 21,300' 373 mph5
Service ceiling 36,000'5
Range 440 miles5
Armament  
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG2
2: MGs5
1: 15 mm5
Propeller hub 15 mm5
  Me 109F-3
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601E-12
Net HP 1,3502
Performance  
Speed 390 mph1
Armament Rheinmetall-Borsig MG 171
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG2
Propeller hub 15 mm2
  Me 109F-4
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601E-12
Net HP 1,3502
Weight  
Empty 5,269 lb2
2,390 kg2
Loaded 6,393 lb2
2,900 kg2
Performance  
Speed @ sea level 334 mph2
537 kph2
Speed @ 21,325' / 6,500 m 388 mph2
624 kph2
Climb 4,290'/min2
1,308 m/min2
Service ceiling 39,370'2
12,000 m2
Range - with drop tanks 528 miles2
850 km2
Armament  
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG2
Propeller hub 20 mm2
  Me 109F-4B
Armament  
Bombs 551 lb2
250 kg2
  Me 109G
Type Fighter1,7, Fighter-Bomber2,7, Reconnaissance7
Crew 11,2
Engine (Type) DB 605 A7, Daimler-Benz DB 605A-11 up to DB 605D1
OR DB 605 AM7
OR DB 605 AS7
OR DB 605 ASB7
OR DB 605 ASM7
OR DB 605 D7
Cylinders Inverted V-121,7
Cooling Liquid1,7
Net HP 605A-1: 1,4751
605D: 1,800 with MW50 boost1
Propeller 3 blade2, VDM constant speed7, 9' 10" diameter7
Fuel Capacity 88 gallons7
Drop Tank - Under Fuselage 66 gallons7
Drop Tank - Under Wings 2: 66 gallons7
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6.5"1,2,7
9.9 m7, 9.92 m1,2
Length 29' 4"7, 29' 7.5"2, 29' 8"1
8.9 m7, 9.03 m2, 9.04 m1
Height 8' 2.5"2, 8' 6"1, 12'7
2.5 m2, 2.59 m1, 3.4 m7
Wing area 173 sq ft7
16.2 sq m7
Weight  
Empty 5,880 - 6,180 lb1
2,667 - 2,800 kg1
Loaded 7,000 - 7,700 lb7, 7,496 lb1
3,178 - 3,496 kg7, 3,400 kg1
Loaded - Maximum 8,100 lb7
3,678 kg7
Performance  
Speed 353 - 428 mph1
569 - 690 kph1
Climb 2,700 - 4,000'/min1
Service ceiling ~38,000'1
~11,600m1
Range 365-460 miles1
Armament  
Engine Cowling 2: 13 mm MG 131 MG7
Propeller 1: 2 cm MG 151/207
Wings - Optional 2: 2 cm MG 151/207
Bombs 1: 250 kg7
OR 4: 70 kg7
OR 4: 50 kg7
  Me 109G-0
Type Fighter7
Engine (Type) DB 601 E7
Armament 1: 2 cm MG 151/207
2: 7.9 mm MG 177
OR 3: 2 cm MG 151/207
  Me 109G-1
Type Fighter7
Engine (Type) DB 605 A7
Armament 1: 2 cm MG 151/207
2: 7.9 mm MG 177
OR 3: 2 cm MG 151/207
  Me 109G-2
Type Fighter5
Crew 15
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 605A2, Daimler-Benz DB 605 A-15
Cylinders Inverted V-122, V 125
Cooling Liquid5
Net HP 1,4752,5
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6"5
Length 29'5
Height 8' 2"5
Weight  
Empty 5,687 lb2
2,580 kg2
Loaded 6,834 lb2,5
3,100 kg2
Performance  
Speed at 28,540' 406 mph5
Service ceiling 39,370'5
Range 528 miles5
Armament 2: MG5
1: 20 mm5
Above engine 2: 7.9 mm MG2
Propeller hub 20 mm2
  Me 109G-5
Type Fighter7
Engine (Type) DB 605 A7
OR DB 605 D7
Armament 1: 2 cm MG 151/207
2: 13 mm MG 1317
  Me 109G-6
Type Fighter4
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 605A4,7
Daimler-Benz DB 605AM2
OR DB 605 AS7
OR DB 605 AM7
OR DB 605 D7
Cylinders Inline4
Net HP 1,4754, 1,8002
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6.5"4
9.92 m4
Length 29' 7"4
9.02 m4
Height 11' 2"4
3.4 m4
Wing area 172.8 ft2 4
16.05 m2 4
Weight  
Empty 5,893 lb2, 5,952 lb4
2,673 kg2, 2,700 kg4
Loaded 6,940 lb2, 6,944 lb4
3,148 kg2, 3,150 kg4
Max overload 7,496 lb2
3,400 kg2
Performance  
Speed @ sea level 340 mph2
547 kph2
Speed @ 22,640' / 6,900 m 386 mph2
621 kph2
Speed @ 22,965' /
7,000 m
387 mph4
623 kph4
Climb 3,346'/min2
1,020 m/min2
Climb to 19,685' /
6,000 m
6 minutes4
Service ceiling 37,890'2, 38,550'4
11,500 m2, 11,7504
Range 350 miles2, 450 miles4
563 km2, 725 km4
Range with drop tanks 620 miles2
998 km2
Armament  
Above engine 2: 13 mm2
2: 7.92 mm MG 174
Wings - under 2: 20 mm2
2: 20 mm MG 151/204
Propeller hub 1: 20 mm2
1: 30 mm MK 1084
  Me 109G-8 to G-16
Type Fighter-bomber2
Crew 12
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 605A, DB 605AM, DB 604AS, DB 605ASB, or DB 605D2
With MW50 methanol-water or GM1 nitrous-oxide boost.2
Cylinders Inverted V-122
Net HP 1,800-2,0002
Propeller 3 blade2
Dimensions  
Span 36' 6.5"2
9.92 m2
Length 29' 7.5"2
9.03 m2
Height 8' 2.5"2
2.5 m2
  Me 109G-10
Engine (Type) DB 605 D7
Weight  
Loaded 7,700 lb2
3,493 kg2
Performance  
Speed at Sea Level with DB 605 D and MW 50 Boost 344 mph7
550 kph7
Speed at Sea Level 342 mph2
550 kph2
Speed at 24,280' / 7,400 m 426 mph2
685 kph2
Speed at 24,250' / 7,600 m with DB 605 D and MW 50 Boost 428 mph7
685 kph7
Climb to 20,000' with DB 605 D and MW 50 Boost 6 minutes7
Service ceiling 41,175'2
12,550 m2
Range 350 miles2
563 km2
Range with DB 605 D and MW 50 Boost 350 miles7
569 km7
Endurance with DB 605 D and MW 50 Boost 55 minutes7
Armament  
Above engine 2: 13 mm2
Propeller hub 20 mm or 30 mm2
  Me 109G-14
Engine (Type) DB 605 A7
OR DB 605 AM7
OR DB 605 AS7
OR DB 605 ASB7
OR DB 605 ASM7
OR DB 605 D7
Armament  
Above engine 2: 13 mm2
Propeller hub 20 mm2
  Me Bf 109H
Type Fighter-bomber2
Crew 12
Dimensions  
Span 39' 1.25"2
11.92 m2
  Me 109H -1
Type Fighter1
Crew 11
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601A2
Daimler-Benz DB 601E1
Cylinders Inverted V-121
Cooling Liquid1
Net HP 1,3001
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6.5"1
9.92 m1
Height 8' 6"1
2.59 m1
Performance  
Range 365-460 miles1
  Me 109K
Type Fighter1, Fighter-bomber2
Crew 11,2
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB605ASCM/DCM1
Cylinders Inverted V-121
Cooling Liquid1
Net HP 2,000 with MW50 boost1
Dimensions  
Span 32' 6.5"1
9.92 m1
Length 29' 4"1
Height 8' 6"1
2.59 m1
Weight  
Empty 6,000 lb1
Loaded 7,439 lb1
3,375 kg1
Performance  
Range 365-460 miles1
  Me 109K-4
Type Fighter5
Crew 15
Engine (Type) Daimler Benz DB 605 ASCM2,5, DB 605 D7
OR Daimler-Benz DB605 DCM2
Cylinders Inverted V-122, V 125
Cooling Liquid5
Net HP 2,0005
DB605ASCM: 2,000 with MW50 boost2,
DB605DCM: 1,8002
Dimensions  
Span 32' 8"5, 32' 8.5"2
9.92 m2
Length 29'5, 29' 7.5"2
9.03 m2
Height 8' 2"5, 8' 2.5"2
2.5 m2
Weight  
Empty 4,886 lb2
2,216 kg2
Loaded 7,400 lb7, 7,440 lb2, 7,475 lb5
3,360 kg7, 3,375 kg2
Max overload 7,937 lb2
3,600 kg2
Performance  
Speed 452 mph1
729 mph1
Speed at sea level 378 mph2
608 kph2
Speed at 19,685' / 6,000 m 452 mph2,3
27 kph2
Speed at 24,600' / 7,500 m 440 mph7
704 kph7
Climb 4,820'/min2, 4,823'/min1
1,469 m/min2, 1,470 m/min1
Service ceiling 41,000'1,3, 41,010'2
12,500m1,2
Range 356 miles5, 365 miles7, 366 miles2
584 km7, 590 km2
Endurance 50 minutes7
Armament 2: 15 mm5
1: 30 mm5
Above engine 2: 13 mm2
Wings optional 2: 20 mm2
Propeller hub 30 mm2
  Me 109K-6
Type Fighter7
Engine (Type) DB 605 D7
Weight  
Loaded 7,920 lb7
3,596 kg7
Performance  
Speed at 19,700' / 6,000 m 440 mph7
704 kph7
Armament  
Above engine 2: 13 mm MG 1317
Wings 2: 3 cm MK 1037
Propeller hub 1: 3 cm MK 1087
  Me 109K-14
Type Fighter7
Engine (Type) DB 605 L7
Performance  
Speed 460 mph2
Speed at 37,750' / 11,515 m 455 mph7
728 kph7
Armament 1: 3 cm MK 1087
2: 13 mm MG 1317

Sources:

  1. The Illustrated Directory of Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Bill Gunston, 1998
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  4. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  5. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  6. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  7. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site