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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Heinkel He 280 jet fighter

Photos

  • Heinkel He 280 jet fighter

Design

The Heinkel He 280 was the next step up from the He 178. It started development in the summer of 1939. Development continued until 1944 when it was abandoned.

The He 280 had triangle landing gear.

Prototype

The Heinkel He 280 first flew on April 2, 1941 / August 2, 1941.

Production

  • Prototypes: 9

Variants

  • He 280 V1:
  • He 280 V2:
  • He 280 V3:
  • He 280 V4:
  • He 280 V5:
  • He 280 V6:
  • He 280 V7:
  • He 280 V8: V type tail.
  • He 280 V9:

Usage

First Ever Bail Out

When the He 280 V1 broke up in flight the test pilot Schenk survived by using the ejector seat for the first time ever.

Specifications

  Heinkel He 280
Engine (Type) 2: He S 8, HeS 8A
Engines - Late Models 2: BMW 003A turbo jets
Thrust 1,650 lb each
Dimensions  
Span 39' 4", 40' 3"
12 m
Length 34' 1", 34' 4"
10.4 m
Weight  
Loaded 9,550 lb
4,340 kg
Performance  
Speed 560 mph
  Heinkel He 280 V1
Engine (Type) 2: HeS 8
OR 2: 109-001
Thrust 1,543 lb
700 kg
  Heinkel He 280 V2
Engine (Type) 2: HeS 8
  Heinkel He 280 V3
Engine (Type) 2: Jumo 109-004
  Heinkel He 280 V4
Engine (Type) 2: BMW 109-003
Engines - Late Models 6: Argus 109-014 pulsejets
  Heinkel He 280 V5
Type Figher
Crew 1
Engine (Type) 2: HeS 8A
Engines - Late Models 2: 109-003
Thrust - HeS 8A 1,653 lb
750 kg
Dimensions  
Span 40'
12.2 m
Length 34' 1.5"
10.4 m
Height 10' 0.5"
3.06 m
Wing area 231.5 sq ft
21.5 sq m
Weight  
Empty 7,088 lb
3,215 kg
Loaded 9,502 lb
4,310kg
Performance  
Speed at 19,685' /
6,000 m
559 mph
900 kph
Climb 3,755' per minute
1,145 m per minute
Service ceiling 37,730'
11,500 m
Range 404 miles
650 km
Armament 3: 20 mm MG 151
  Heinkel He 280 V6
Armament 3: 20 mm MG 151
  Heinkel He 280 V7
Engine (Type) 2: 109-004
  Heinkel He 280 V8
Engine (Type) 2: 109-004
  Heinkel He 280 V9
Engine (Type) 2: 109-003

Sources:

  1. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  2. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site