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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Heinkel He 280 jet fighter

Photos

  • Heinkel He 280 jet fighter

Design

The Heinkel He 280 was the next step up from the He 178.1 It started development in the summer of 1939.2 Development continued until 1944 when it was abandoned.2

The He 280 had triangle landing gear.2

Prototype

The Heinkel He 280 first flew on April 2, 1941 / August 2, 19413.1

Production

  • Prototypes: 93

Variants

  • He 280 V1:
  • He 280 V2:
  • He 280 V3:
  • He 280 V4:
  • He 280 V5:
  • He 280 V6:
  • He 280 V7:
  • He 280 V8: V type tail.3
  • He 280 V9:

Usage

First Ever Bail Out

When the He 280 V1 broke up in flight the test pilot Schenk survived by using the ejector seat for the first time ever.3

Specifications

  Heinkel He 280
Engine (Type) 2: He S 82, HeS 8A1
Engines - Late Models 2: BMW 003A turbo jets2
Thrust 1,650 lb each1
Dimensions  
Span 39' 4"2, 40' 3"1
12 m2
Length 34' 1"2, 34' 4"1
10.4 m2
Weight  
Loaded 9,550 lb2
4,340 kg2
Performance  
Speed 560 mph1
  Heinkel He 280 V1
Engine (Type) 2: HeS 83
OR 2: 109-0013
Thrust 1,543 lb3
700 kg3
  Heinkel He 280 V2
Engine (Type) 2: HeS 83
  Heinkel He 280 V3
Engine (Type) 2: Jumo 109-0043
  Heinkel He 280 V4
Engine (Type) 2: BMW 109-0033
Engines - Late Models 6: Argus 109-014 pulsejets3
  Heinkel He 280 V5
Type Figher3
Crew 13
Engine (Type) 2: HeS 8A3
Engines - Late Models 2: 109-0033
Thrust - HeS 8A 1,653 lb3
750 kg3
Dimensions  
Span 40'3
12.2 m3
Length 34' 1.5"3
10.4 m3
Height 10' 0.5"3
3.06 m3
Wing area 231.5 sq ft3
21.5 sq m3
Weight  
Empty 7,088 lb3
3,215 kg3
Loaded 9,502 lb3
4,310kg3
Performance  
Speed at 19,685' /
6,000 m
559 mph3
900 kph3
Climb 3,755' per minute3
1,145 m per minute3
Service ceiling 37,730'3
11,500 m3
Range 404 miles3
650 km3
Armament 3: 20 mm MG 1513
  Heinkel He 280 V6
Armament 3: 20 mm MG 1513
  Heinkel He 280 V7
Engine (Type) 2: 109-0043
  Heinkel He 280 V8
Engine (Type) 2: 109-0043
  Heinkel He 280 V9
Engine (Type) 2: 109-0033

Sources:

  1. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  2. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site