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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Heinkel He 100 / He 100D fighter

Photos

  • Heinkel He 113 fighter
  • Heinkel He 113 fighter

Design

The Heinkel He 100 was designed for the Luftwaffe but they wanted Heinkel to concentrate on bombers.

The He 100 had additional designations. For propaganda it was the He 113. When it won speed records it was the He 112U.

Prototype

The He 100V1 first flew on January 22, 1938.

Production

In September 1939 pre production models were first flown.

  • Prototype: 10
  • Heinkel He 100D-0: 3
  • Heinkel He 100D-1: 12
  • Total: 25

Variants

  • Heinkel He 100V1: Wings were short. There was a surface evaporating system.
  • Heinkel He 100V2: Vertical tail surface redesigned.
  • Heinkel He 100V3: Vertical tail surface redesigned.
  • Heinkel He 100V8: Designed to set world speed record. Had special Daimler-Benz DB 601 engine (1,800 HP). In March 1939 it flew 463.92 mph / 746.58 kph
  • Heinkel He 100D0: Pre production.
  • Heinkel He 113: The designation was used for propaganda as it was the same as the He 100.

Usage

Germany, Japan, and the Soviet Union used the He 100D.

Six of the prototypes were sold to the Soviet Union. All of the He 100D-0s were sold to Japan. These were to prepare Hitachi to license built the He 100s. Hitachi never built them.

Speed Record

Ernst Udet flew the He 100V3 to a 100 km closed circuit speed record of 394.6 mph / 635 kph in June 1938.

Propaganda

During 1940 the He 100D was photographed with several different unit designations to try to fool the allies into thinking there were many more He 100Ds than there really was.

Channel Dash

The He 113s supposedly took part in providing air cover for the Scharnhorst and Gneisenau when they did their English Channel dash.

Defense

The He 100Ds were used in defense of Heinkel's factory at Rostock-Marienehe. These were flown by Heinkel's test pilots.

Specifications

  Heinkel He 100, He 113
Engine (Type) Daimler Benz DB 601
Mercedes-Benz
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 1,000, 1,200
Dimensions  
Span 30' 10", 31'
Length 26' 11", 27'
Height 8' 2"
Weight  
Normal load 5,700 lb
Performance  
Speed 350 mph, 420 mph
Armament 1: MG
Nose 1: Cannon
  Heinkel He 100D
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Daimler-Benz DB 601M
Cylinders Inverted V 12
Net HP 1,175
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span 30' 10.75"
9.41 m
Length 26' 10.75"
8.2 m
Height 8' 3"
2.51 m
  Heinkel He 100D-1
Weight  
Empty 3,990 lb
1,810 kg
Normal load 5,512 lb
2,500 kg
Performance  
Speed at sea level 358 mph
576 kph
Speed @ 16,400' /
5,000 m
416 mph
669 kph
Cruising speed 345 mph
555 kph
Climb 3,280'/minute
1,000 m/minute
Climb to 6,560' /
2,000 m
2.2 minutes
Service ceiling 32,450'
9,890 m
Range 628 miles
1,011 km
Armament  
Nose 1: 20 mm
Wings 2: 7.9 mm

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site