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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Focke-Wulf Fw 190 fighter
Nickname: Würger (butcher bird)

Photos

  • Focke Wulf Fw 190 fighter
  • Focke Wulf Fw 190 fighter
  • Focke Wulf Fw 190 fighter
  • Focke Wulf Fw 190A-3 fighter
  • Focke Wulf Fw 190A-3 fighter
  • Focke Wulf Fw 190G fighter
  • Focke Wulf Fw 190A-4 fighter

Design

Designed in 1937 to be a compliment to the Messerschmitt Bf 109. The Focke Wulf Fw 190 was designed by Kurt Tank. Initially there were two designs, one with a Daimler Benz DB 601 in-line and the other a BMW 18 cylinder radial engine. Most wanted to go with the DB 601 engine, but Kurt Tank persuaded them to go with the radial engine.

Undercarriage

The undercarriage was wide and more stable than the Messerschmitt Bf 109.

Flaps

A first for fighter aircraft the flaps were electrically operated.

Fuselage

The fuselage was low and allowed the pilot to see better out the rear of the cockpit.

Engine

The radial engine was cooled by a ten blade fan.

Fw 190A

Some of the Fw 190 A-4s and Fw 190 A-8s could used MW50 (methanol water) or GM1 nitrous oxide boost for short periods of time.

The Fw 190As could have Umrust-Bausatze (factory conversions) or Rustsatze (field conversion kits) installed. These were to allow the Fw 190As to optimize the roll of the aircraft.

Fw 190D

The Fw 190D replaced the aborted Fw 190B and Fw 190C projects.

Had an angular radiator system and circular engine cowling. This gave the look of a radial engine. The engine was an in-line Junkers Jumo 213.

Fw 190F

The Focke-Wulf Fw 190F became a fighter-bomber.

Fw 190G

The Focke-Wulf Fw 190G was developed with the Fw 190F.

Speed and Range Comparison

Speed and Range Comparison

Prototype

Three prototypes were built. The first flight by the Fw 190 was on June 1, 1939. Powered by BMW 139 radial engine (1,550 HP). A large spinner caused the first two prototypes to overheat and it was changed in the third prototype.

Fw 190D

The Fw 190D prototype first flew in March 1942. It was all pressurized and had a Jumo 213A engine (1,600 HP). These were converted from Fw 190A airframes.

Production

  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A: 4,677
    • Manufacturers: Focke-Wulf, Ago, Arado, Fiesler, Focke Wulf Flugzeugbau GmbH
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-0: 40
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-1: 102
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-2: 426
    • Focke Wulf Fw 190A-3: 509
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-4: 894
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5: 723
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-6: 529
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-7: 80
      • Production: December 1943 - ?
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8: 1,334
      • Production: December 1943 - ?
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190D: 674, ~700
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F: 6,634
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-1: 25
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-2: 271
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-3: 250
      • Manufacturer: Arado
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-8: 385
      • Manufacturer: Arado, Dornier
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G: 6,634
    • Manufacturer: Arado, Fieseler, Focke-Wulf
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-1: 50
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-2: 486
  • Total: 20,001, 20,051
  • After World War II:
    • NC 900 (Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5 and Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8): 64
      • Manufacturer: SNCA du Centre

Production Comparison

Production Comparison

Variants

  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-0: Pre-production models. Used BMW 801 engine.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-1: Entered service in July 1941.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-2:
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-3: BMW 810D-2 engine. Two 7.92 mm machine guns and four 20 mm cannons.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-4: Added water methanol power boosting. Better radio installed. Entered service in 1942.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-4/R6: Had two 21cm mortars under wings.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-4/U8: Fighter bomber. Racks for bombs under wings.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5: Longer nose. This restored center of gravity. Entered service in 1943.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/R6: Had two 21cm mortars under wings.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U2:
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U3: Fighter bomber. Racks under wings and fuselage for bombs.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U4:
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U5:
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U6:
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U7:
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U8:
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U12: Six 30 mm guns.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U14: Could carry a torpedo.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U15: Could carry a torpedo.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-6: Had revised armament. Wing guns changed to MG 151/20. Lighter wing structure.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-7: Used 13 mm MG 131 guns in nose instead of 7.9 mm.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-7/R2: Two 30 mm MG 108 in wing positions.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8: Introduced in late 1943. Increased internal fuel. Better radio installed.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8 D/NL: Had BMW 801-2 engine.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8/R1: Four MG 151/20 cannons installed in under wing blisters.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8/R3: Two Mk 103 cannons under wings.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8/R8: Armored heavily to ram American bombers.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8/R11: Special radio and auto pilot.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8/U1: Two seat trainer.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-9: Only prototype built. Intended to ram American bombers. Had heavily armored wings. Had BMW 801F / BMW 801TS turbo charged engine (2,000 HP).
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-9/R11: Had BMW 801TS engine. Special radio and auto pilot.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190B: Prototype only. High altitude fighter. Extended wings. Pressurized cabin. BMW 801 engine with GM1 nitrous oxide boost.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190C: Powered by DB 603. Was developed along side Fw 190B but was cancelled when the Fw 190D arrived. Had annular radiator system that made it look like it used a radial engine.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190D: "Dora." Introduced in mid-1944. Lengthened nose. Used a Jumo 213 inline engine.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190D-0: Pre production. Had two 13 mm machine guns in nose, four 20 mm in wings.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190D-9: Main production model. Top speed 426 mph / 685 kph. Used Jumo 2213A with water methanol boost (2,240 HP).
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190D-12: Had Jumo 213 E / Jumo 213F-1 three stage supercharged engine (2,060 HP). Had 30 mm firing through propeller. More armor. Production started in February 1945. With MW50 boost it could go 453 mph / 725 kph / 729 kph.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F: Fighter bomber. Could carry up to 2,205 lb / 1,000 kg bombs. Production version of the Fw 190A-5/U3. More armor for pilot, engine, and oil tank. Drop tanks could be carried. Entered service in late 1942.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-2: One piece canopy.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-3: Could carry two 30 mm cannons in under wing pods in place of bombs.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-8: Had longer tail wheel to allow for ground clearance.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-9: Had BMW 801TS (2,000 HP) engine.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G: Fighter bomber with up to 2,205 lb / 1,000 kg bombs. Based on the Fw 190A-4/U13 and Fw 190A-5/U13.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-1: Based on Fw 190A-4 airframe.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-2: Based on Fw 190A-5 airframe.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-3: Had autopilot installed. On the wing leading edge were balloon cable cutters.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-3/Trop: Tropical version.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-4: Prototypes.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-5: Prototypes.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-6: Prototypes.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-7: Prototypes.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-8: Based on Fw 190A-8 airframe.
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-8/R4: Had GM-1 nitrous oxide boost.

Usage

The Fw 190A-1s joined the Luftwaffe in mid-1941. In September 1941 was the Fw 190s first appearance in combat.

Until 1944, when the P-51 Mustang was able to escort the bombers, the Fw 190 decimated the B-17s and B-24s.

A Top Ace

Oberleutnant Otto Kittel scored most of his 267 victories in a Fw 190.

Fw 190A

The Fw 190As were used by Croatia, Germany, Slovakia, and Turkey. In 1943 Turkey received 75 Fw 190A-3s.

Operational

The Fw 190A-1 became operational in mid 1941.

After World War II

The SNCA du Centre in France built 64 Fw 190A-5s and Fw 190A-8s for service with the Armée de l'Air.

Fw 190D

Fw 190D-9s started being delivered in August 1944. These were initially used to cover the airfields where Me 262s were based.

Fw 190F

Germany and Hungary used the Fw 190Fs. Hungary received 35 in 1944 - 1945.

Entered service in winter of 1942 - 1943. Was used to replace Ju 87 Stuka.

Fw 190G

Ludendorff Bridge

A unit that was equipped with Fw 190Gs had single 3,986 lb / 1,800 kg bomb under the fuselage would fly night missions to try and bomb the Ludendorff Bridge that was captured by the Americans over the Rhine River at Remagen.

Specifications

  Focke-Wulf Fw 190
Type Fighter
Engine (Type) 1: BMW 801
Cylinders Radial
Cooling Air
HP 1,320
Dimensions  
Span 37'
Length 28' 11"
Weight  
Loaded 7,000 lb
Performance  
Speed 370 mph
Range 525 miles
Armament  
Wings 8: MG
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190A
Type Fighter-bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) BMW 801
Cylinders Radial 14
Cooling Air
Dimensions  
Span 34' 5.5", 34' 6"
10.5 m
Length 29'
8.84 m
Height 13'
3.96 m
Wing area 197 sq ft
18.3 sq m
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-1
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) BMW 801C, BMW 801C-1
Cylinders Radial 14
Cooling Air
HP 1,600
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span 34', 34' 5"
10.37 m
Length 29'
Height 12' 11"
Weight  
Loaded 8,770 lb
Performance  
Speed at 18,045' 389 mph
Service ceiling 34,775'
Range - internal fuel 497 miles
Armament 4: MG
2: 20 mm
Fuselage 2: 7.9 mm MG17
Wings 2: 7.9 mm MG17
OR 2: 20 mm MG FF/M
Bomb 1: 550 lb
1: 250 kg
OR 1: 1,100 lb
1: 500 kg
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-2
Engine (Type) BMW 801C
Cylinders Radial 14
HP 1,600
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span 34' 6"
10.5 m
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm MG 151/20
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-3
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) BMW 801D, BMW 801D-2
Cylinders Radial 14
Cooling Air
HP 1,700
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span 34' 5"
Length 28' 10"
Height 12' 11"
Weight  
Empty 6,393 lb
2,900 kg
Loaded 8,770 lb
3,978 kg
Performance  
Speed  
Speed at sea level 312 mph
502 kph
Speed at 19,685' / 6,000 m 382 mph
615 kph
Climb 2,830'/minute
863 m/minute
Service ceiling 34,775'
10,600 m
Range - internal fuel 497 miles
800 km
Armament 2: MG
4: 20 mm
Nose 2: 7.9 mm MG
Wings 4: 20 mm
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-4
Type Fighter-bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) BMW 801D-2
Cylinders Radial 14
HP 1,700
HP with MW50 boost 2,100
Power boosting Water methanol
Dimensions  
Span 34' 5.5"
10.5 m
Length 29'
8.4 m
Height 13'
3.96 m
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8
Type Fighter, Fighter-bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) BMW 801D, BMW 801D-2 piston
Cylinders Radial, Radial 14
HP 2,100
Propeller blades 3
Power boosting Water methanol
Dimensions  
Span 34' 5", 34' 5.4", 34' 5.5"
10.5 m
Length 29', 29' 1.5"
8.84 m
Height 13'
3.96 m
Wing area 196.98 ft2 , 196.99', 197 ft2
18.3 m2
Weight  
Empty 6,989 lb, 7,000 lb
3,170 kg, 3,175 kg
Loaded 9,100 lb, 10,802 lb, 10,803 lb
4,130 kg, 4,900 kg
Performance  
Speed 406 mph
654 kph
Speed at sea level 355 mph
571 kph
Speed at 18,000' / 5,490 m 402 mph
643 kph
Speed at 19,685' / 6,000 m 406 mph, 408 mph
654 kph
Speed at 20,600' / 6,280 m 408 mph
657 kph
Speed at 20,600' / 6,285 m with MW 50 408 mph
653 kph
Cruising speed 298 mph
480 kph
Climb 2,350'/minute, 2,362'/minute
716 m/minute, 720 m/minute
Climb to 32,800' / 10,000 m 26.5 minutes
Climb to 32,800' / 10,000 m with MW 50 16.5 minutes
Service ceiling 33,800', 37,400', 37,402'
10,310 m, 11,400 m
Service ceiling with MW 50 37,400'
11,410 m
Range - internal fuel 497 miles, 500 miles
800 km, 805 km
Armament  
Nose 2: 7.92 mm MG
2: 7.92 mm MG 17
2: 13 mm MG, 13 mm MG 131
Wings 4: 20 mm
4: 20 mm MG 151/20
Bombs 1: 1,100 lb
2: 550 lb
1: 500 kg
2: 250 kg
OR  
Drop tank 67 gallon
300 liter
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190D
Type Fighter-bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Junkers Jumo 213
Cooling Liquid
Dimensions  
Span 33' 11"
10.36 m
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190D-9
Type Fighter-bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Junkers Jumo 213A, Junkers Jumo 213A-1
Cylinders Inverted V, Inverted V 12
Cooling Liquid
HP 1,770
HP with MW50 water / methanol boost 2,240
Propeller blades 3
Power boosting Water methanol
Dimensions  
Span 34' 5", 34' 5.5"
10.5 m
Length 33' 5", 33' 5.25"
10.19 m
Height 11', 11' 0.25"
3.36 m
Weight  
Empty 7,964 lb
3,612 kg
Loaded 9,480 lb
4,300 kg
Maximum load 10,670 lb
4,840 kg
Performance  
Speed 426 mph
685 kph
Speed at sea level 357 mph
574 kph
Speed at 21,650' 426 mph
Speed with MW50 boost at 21,654' / 6,600 m 426 mph
685 kph
Speed at 37,000' / 11,290 m with MW 50 440 mph
704 kph
Climb to 13,120' / 4,000 m 4.5 minutes
Climb to 19,685' / 6,000 m 7.1 minutes
Service ceiling 32,810'
10,000 m
Range 520 miles
837 kph
Armament 2: MG
2: 20 mm
Nose 2: 13 mm MG
Wings 2: 20 mm
Bombs - under fuselage 1: 1,100 lb
1: 500 kg
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190F
Type Close support fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) BMW 801D-2
Cylinders Radial 14
HP 1,700
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span 34' 5.5"
10.5 m
Length 29' 4.25"
8.95 m
Height 12' 11"
3.94 m
Armament  
Bombs 3,968 lb
1,800 kg
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-3
Weight  
Empty 7,330 lb
3,325 kg
Loaded 9,700 lb
4,400 kg
Maximum load 10,846 lb
4,920 kg
Performance  
Speed at sea level 342 mph
550 kph
Speed at 18,045' / 5,500 m 394 mph
634 kph
Climb 2,110'/minute
643 m/minute
Service ceiling 34,780'
10,600 m
Range 466 miles
750 km
Armament  
Nose 2: 7.9 mm MG
Wings 2: 20 mm
Bombs 1,102 lb
500 kg
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-8
Armament  
Nose 2: 13 mm MG
Wings 2: 20 mm
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190G
Type Fighter-bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) BMW 801D-2
Cylinders Radial 14
HP 1,700
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span 34' 5.5"
10.5 m
Length 29' 4.25"
8.85 m
Height 12' 11"
3.94 m
Armament  
Bombs 3,968 lb
1,800 kg
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-3
Weight  
Empty 7,959 lb
3,610 kg
Loaded 11,045 lb
5,010 kg
Performance  
Speed at sea level 340 mph
547 kph
Speed at 16,405' / 5,000 m 388 mph
624 kph
Cruising speed 262 mph
422 kph
Range 497 miles
800 km
Range with external fuel 1,052 miles
1,693 km
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm
Bombs 2,755 lb
1,250 kg

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  3. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  4. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  5. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  6. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  7. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
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