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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Focke-Wulf Fw 190 fighter
Nickname: Würger (butcher bird)

Photos

  • Focke Wulf Fw 190 fighter
  • Focke Wulf Fw 190 fighter
  • Focke Wulf Fw 190 fighter
  • Focke Wulf Fw 190A-3 fighter
  • Focke Wulf Fw 190A-3 fighter
  • Focke Wulf Fw 190G fighter
  • Focke Wulf Fw 190A-4 fighter

Design

Designed in 1937 to be a compliment to the Messerschmitt Bf 109.1,4 The Focke Wulf Fw 190 was designed by Kurt Tank.4 Initially there were two designs, one with a Daimler Benz DB 601 in-line and the other a BMW 18 cylinder radial engine.4 Most wanted to go with the DB 601 engine, but Kurt Tank persuaded them to go with the radial engine.4

Undercarriage

The undercarriage was wide and more stable than the Messerschmitt Bf 109.1

Flaps

A first for fighter aircraft the flaps were electrically operated.1

Fuselage

The fuselage was low and allowed the pilot to see better out the rear of the cockpit.1,4

Engine

The radial engine was cooled by a ten blade fan.4

Fw 190A

Some of the Fw 190 A-4s and Fw 190 A-8s could used MW50 (methanol water) or GM1 nitrous oxide boost for short periods of time.3

The Fw 190As could have Umrust-Bausatze (factory conversions) or Rustsatze (field conversion kits) installed.3 These were to allow the Fw 190As to optimize the roll of the aircraft.3

Fw 190D

The Fw 190D replaced the aborted Fw 190B and Fw 190C projects.1

Had an angular radiator system and circular engine cowling.1 This gave the look of a radial engine.1 The engine was an in-line Junkers Jumo 213.4

Fw 190F

The Focke-Wulf Fw 190F became a fighter-bomber.4

Fw 190G

The Focke-Wulf Fw 190G was developed with the Fw 190F.3

Speed and Range Comparison

Speed and Range Comparison

Prototype

Three prototypes were built.4 The first flight by the Fw 190 was on June 1, 1939.1,2,3,4,5 Powered by BMW 139 radial engine (1,550 HP).3,7 A large spinner caused the first two prototypes to overheat and it was changed in the third prototype.4

Fw 190D

The Fw 190D prototype first flew in March 1942.1 It was all pressurized and had a Jumo 213A engine (1,600 HP).1 These were converted from Fw 190A airframes.1

Production

  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A: 4,6773
    • Manufacturers: Focke-Wulf3, Ago3, Arado3, Fiesler3, Focke Wulf Flugzeugbau GmbH4
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-0: 403
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-1: 1023
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-2: 4263
    • Focke Wulf Fw 190A-3: 5093
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-4: 8943
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5: 7233
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-6: 5293
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-7: 803
      • Production: December 1943 - ?5
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8: 1,3343
      • Production: December 1943 - ?5
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190D: 6743, ~7004
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F: 6,6343
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-1: 253
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-2: 2713
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-3: 2503
      • Manufacturer: Arado3
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-8: 3853
      • Manufacturer: Arado, Dornier3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G: 6,6343
    • Manufacturer: Arado, Fieseler, Focke-Wulf3
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-1: 503
    • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-2: 4863
  • Total: 20,0014, 20,0513
  • After World War II:
    • NC 900 (Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5 and Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8): 643
      • Manufacturer: SNCA du Centre3

Production Comparison

Production Comparison

Variants

  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-0: Pre-production models.2 Used BMW 801 engine.2
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-1: Entered service in July 1941.4
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-2:
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-3: BMW 810D-2 engine.2,5 Two 7.92 mm machine guns and four 20 mm cannons.5
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-4: Added water methanol power boosting.2,3,5,7 Better radio installed.3 Entered service in 1942.4
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-4/R6: Had two 21cm mortars under wings.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-4/U8: Fighter bomber.7 Racks for bombs under wings.7
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5: Longer nose.2,3,5,7 This restored center of gravity.3 Entered service in 1943.4
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/R6: Had two 21cm mortars under wings.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U2:
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U3: Fighter bomber.7 Racks under wings and fuselage for bombs.7
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U4:
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U5:
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U6:
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U7:
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U8:
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U12: Six 30 mm guns.2,5
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U14: Could carry a torpedo.2,5
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-5/U15: Could carry a torpedo.2,5
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-6: Had revised armament.3,7 Wing guns changed to MG 151/20.7 Lighter wing structure.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-7: Used 13 mm MG 131 guns in nose instead of 7.9 mm.3,7
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-7/R2: Two 30 mm MG 108 in wing positions.7
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8: Introduced in late 1943.3 Increased internal fuel.3 Better radio installed.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8 D/NL: Had BMW 801-2 engine.7
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8/R1: Four MG 151/20 cannons installed in under wing blisters.7
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8/R3: Two Mk 103 cannons under wings.7
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8/R8: Armored heavily to ram American bombers.1
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8/R11: Special radio and auto pilot.7
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8/U1: Two seat trainer.2,5,7
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-9: Only prototype built.3 Intended to ram American bombers.3 Had heavily armored wings.3 Had BMW 801F7 / BMW 801TS turbo charged engine (2,000 HP).3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-9/R11: Had BMW 801TS engine.7 Special radio and auto pilot.7
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190B: Prototype only.3 High altitude fighter.3 Extended wings.3 Pressurized cabin.3 BMW 801 engine with GM1 nitrous oxide boost.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190C: Powered by DB 603.3 Was developed along side Fw 190B but was cancelled when the Fw 190D arrived.3 Had annular radiator system that made it look like it used a radial engine.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190D: "Dora."1 Introduced in mid-1944.1,4 Lengthened nose.2,5 Used a Jumo 213 inline engine.2,4,5
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190D-0: Pre production.3 Had two 13 mm machine guns in nose, four 20 mm in wings.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190D-9: Main production model.5 Top speed 426 mph / 685 kph.2,5 Used Jumo 2213A with water methanol boost (2,240 HP).2
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190D-12: Had Jumo 213 E7 / Jumo 213F-1 three stage supercharged engine (2,060 HP).3 Had 30 mm firing through propeller.3 More armor.3 Production started in February 1945.3 With MW50 boost it could go 453 mph / 725 kph7 / 729 kph.3,7
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F: Fighter bomber.2,3,4,7 Could carry up to 2,205 lb / 1,000 kg bombs.2 Production version of the Fw 190A-5/U3.3 More armor for pilot, engine, and oil tank.3 Drop tanks could be carried.3 Entered service in late 1942.4
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-2: One piece canopy.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-3: Could carry two 30 mm cannons in under wing pods in place of bombs.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-8: Had longer tail wheel to allow for ground clearance.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-9: Had BMW 801TS (2,000 HP) engine.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G: Fighter bomber with up to 2,205 lb / 1,000 kg bombs.2,7 Based on the Fw 190A-4/U13 and Fw 190A-5/U13.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-1: Based on Fw 190A-4 airframe.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-2: Based on Fw 190A-5 airframe.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-3: Had autopilot installed.3 On the wing leading edge were balloon cable cutters.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-3/Trop: Tropical version.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-4: Prototypes.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-5: Prototypes.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-6: Prototypes.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-7: Prototypes.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-8: Based on Fw 190A-8 airframe.3
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-8/R4: Had GM-1 nitrous oxide boost.3

Usage

The Fw 190A-1s joined the Luftwaffe in mid-1941.2 In September 1941 was the Fw 190s first appearance in combat.6

Until 1944, when the P-51 Mustang was able to escort the bombers, the Fw 190 decimated the B-17s and B-24s.1

A Top Ace

Oberleutnant Otto Kittel scored most of his 267 victories in a Fw 190.1

Fw 190A

The Fw 190As were used by Croatia, Germany, Slovakia, and Turkey.3 In 1943 Turkey received 75 Fw 190A-3s.3

Operational

The Fw 190A-1 became operational in mid 1941.5

After World War II

The SNCA du Centre in France built 64 Fw 190A-5s and Fw 190A-8s for service with the Armée de l'Air.3

Fw 190D

Fw 190D-9s started being delivered in August 1944.1,5 These were initially used to cover the airfields where Me 262s were based.1

Fw 190F

Germany and Hungary used the Fw 190Fs.1 Hungary received 35 in 1944 - 1945.1

Entered service in winter of 1942 - 1943.1 Was used to replace Ju 87 Stuka.1

Fw 190G

Ludendorff Bridge

A unit that was equipped with Fw 190Gs had single 3,986 lb / 1,800 kg bomb under the fuselage would fly night missions to try and bomb the Ludendorff Bridge that was captured by the Americans over the Rhine River at Remagen.3

Specifications

  Focke-Wulf Fw 190
Type Fighter6
Engine (Type) 1: BMW 8016
Cylinders Radial6
Cooling Air6
HP 1,3206
Dimensions  
Span 37'6
Length 28' 11"6
Weight  
Loaded 7,000 lb6
Performance  
Speed 370 mph6
Range 525 miles6
Armament  
Wings 8: MG6
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190A
Type Fighter-bomber3,7
Crew 13,7
Engine (Type) BMW 8015,7
Cylinders Radial 145,7
Cooling Air7
Dimensions  
Span 34' 5.5"3, 34' 6"7
10.5 m3,7
Length 29'3,7
8.84 m3,7
Height 13'3,7
3.96 m3,7
Wing area 197 sq ft7
18.3 sq m7
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-1
Type Fighter4
Crew 14
Engine (Type) BMW 801C3,7, BMW 801C-14
Cylinders Radial 143,4
Cooling Air4
HP 1,6003,4
Propeller blades 33
Dimensions  
Span 34'7, 34' 5"4
10.37 m7
Length 29'4
Height 12' 11"4
Weight  
Loaded 8,770 lb4
Performance  
Speed @ 18,045' 389 mph4
Service ceiling 34,775'4
Range - internal fuel 497 miles4
Armament 4: MG4
2: 20 mm4
Fuselage 2: 7.9 mm MG177
Wings 2: 7.9 mm MG177
OR 2: 20 mm MG FF/M7
Bomb 1: 550 lb7
1: 250 kg7
OR 1: 1,100 lb7
1: 500 kg7
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-2
Engine (Type) BMW 801C3
Cylinders Radial 143
HP 1,6003
Propeller blades 33
Dimensions  
Span 34' 6"7
10.5 m7
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm MG 151/207
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-3
Type Fighter4
Crew 14
Engine (Type) BMW 801D3,7, BMW 801D-24,5
Cylinders Radial 144
Cooling Air4
HP 1,7003,4
Propeller blades 33
Dimensions  
Span 34' 5"4
Length 28' 10"4
Height 12' 11"4
Weight  
Empty 6,393 lb3
2,900 kg3
Loaded 8,770 lb3,4
3,978 kg3
Performance  
Speed  
Speed at sea level 312 mph3
502 kph3
Speed @ 19,685' /
6,000 m
382 mph3,4
615 kph3
Climb 2,830'/minute3
863 m/minute3
Service ceiling 34,775'3,4
10,600 m3
Range - internal fuel 497 miles3,4
800 km3
Armament 2: MG4
4: 20 mm4
Nose 2: 7.9 mm MG3,5
Wings 4: 20 mm3,5
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-4
Type Fighter-bomber3
Crew 13
Engine (Type) BMW 801D-23
Cylinders Radial 143
HP 1,7003
HP with MW50 boost 2,1003
Power boosting Water methanol5
Dimensions  
Span 34' 5.5"3
10.5 m3
Length 29'3
8.4 m3
Height 13'3
3.96 m3
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-8
Type Fighter1,2,5, Fighter-bomber1
Crew 11,2,5
Engine (Type) BMW 801D7, BMW 801D-2 piston1,2,5
Cylinders Radial5, Radial 141,2
HP 2,1001,2,5
Propeller blades 31,2
Power boosting Water methanol2,5
Dimensions  
Span 34' 5"1, 34' 5.4"5, 34' 5.5"2
10.5 m1,2,5
Length 29'1,5, 29' 1.5"2
8.84 m1,2,5
Height 13'1,2,5
3.96 m1,2,5
Wing area 196.98 ft2 2, 196.99'5, 197 ft2 1
18.3 m2 1,2,5
Weight  
Empty 6,989 lb1,2,5, 7,000 lb3
3,170 kg1,2,5, 3,175 kg3
Loaded 9,100 lb7, 10,802 lb2,3, 10,803 lb1,5
4,130 kg7, 4,900 kg1,2,3,5
Performance  
Speed 406 mph1
654 kph1
Speed at sea level 355 mph3
571 kph3
Speed at 18,000' /
5,490 m
402 mph7
643 kph7
Speed at 19,685' /
6,000 m
406 mph5, 408 mph2
654 kph2,5
Speed at 20,600' /
6,280 m
408 mph3
657 kph3
Speed at 20,600' /
6,285 m with MW 50
408 mph7
653 kph7
Cruising speed 298 mph3
480 kph3
Climb 2,350'/minute3, 2,362'/minute2,5
716 m/minute3, 720 m/minute2,5
Climb to 32,800' /
10,000 m
26.5 minutes7
Climb to 32,800' /
10,000 m with MW 50
16.5 minutes7
Service ceiling 33,800'7, 37,400'1,2,3, 37,402'5
10,310 m7, 11,400 m1,2,3,5
Service ceiling with MW 50 37,400'7
11,410 m7
Range - internal fuel 497 miles1, 500 miles2,3,5
800 km1, 805 km2,3,5
Armament  
Nose 2: 7.92 mm MG2,5
2: 7.92 mm MG 171
2: 13 mm MG3, 13 mm MG 1317
Wings 4: 20 mm2,3,5
4: 20 mm MG 151/201,7
Bombs 1: 1,100 lb1,3
2: 550 lb1
1: 500 kg1,3
2: 250 kg1
OR  
Drop tank 67 gallon1
300 liter1
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190D
Type Fighter-bomber1
Crew 11
Engine (Type) Junkers Jumo 2135,7
Cooling Liquid5,7
Dimensions  
Span 33' 11"7
10.36 m7
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190D-9
Type Fighter-bomber4
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Junkers Jumo 213A5, Junkers Jumo 213A-11,4,7
Cylinders Inverted V7, Inverted V 121,4
Cooling Liquid4
HP 1,7701,4
HP with MW50 water / methanol boost 2,2401,5
Propeller blades 31
Power boosting Water methanol5
Dimensions  
Span 34' 5"4, 34' 5.5"1
10.5 m1
Length 33' 5"4, 33' 5.25"1
10.19 m1
Height 11'4, 11' 0.25"1
3.36 m1
Weight  
Empty 7,964 lb1
3,612 kg1
Loaded 9,480 lb1,4
4,300 kg1
Maximum load 10,670 lb1
4,840 kg1
Performance  
Speed 426 mph2,5
685 kph2,5
Speed at sea level 357 mph1
574 kph1
Speed at 21,650' 426 mph4
Speed with MW50 boost
at 21,654' / 6,600 m
426 mph1
685 kph1
Speed at 37,000' /
11,290 m with MW 50
440 mph7
704 kph7
Climb to 13,120' /
4,000 m
4.5 minutes1
Climb to 19,685' /
6,000 m
7.1 minutes1
Service ceiling 32,810'1,4
10,000 m1
Range 520 miles1,4
837 kph1
Armament 2: MG4,5
2: 20 mm4,5
Nose 2: 13 mm MG1
Wings 2: 20 mm1
Bombs - under fuselage 1: 1,100 lb1,4
1: 500 kg1
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190F
Type Close support fighter1,5
Crew 11
Engine (Type) BMW 801D-21
Cylinders Radial 141
HP 1,7001
Propeller blades 31
Dimensions  
Span 34' 5.5"1
10.5 m1
Length 29' 4.25"1
8.95 m1
Height 12' 11"1
3.94 m1
Armament  
Bombs 3,968 lb5
1,800 kg5
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-3
Weight  
Empty 7,330 lb1
3,325 kg1
Loaded 9,700 lb1
4,400 kg1
Maximum load 10,846 lb1
4,920 kg1
Performance  
Speed at sea level 342 mph1
550 kph1
Speed @ 18,045' /
5,500 m
394 mph1
634 kph1
Climb 2,110'/minute1
643 m/minute1
Service ceiling 34,780'1
10,600 m1
Range 466 miles1
750 km1
Armament  
Nose 2: 7.9 mm MG1
Wings 2: 20 mm1
Bombs 1,102 lb1
500 kg1
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190F-8
Armament  
Nose 2: 13 mm MG1
Wings 2: 20 mm1
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190G
Type Fighter-bomber3,5
Crew 13
Engine (Type) BMW 801D-23
Cylinders Radial 143
HP 1,7003
Propeller blades 33
Dimensions  
Span 34' 5.5"3
10.5 m3
Length 29' 4.25"3
8.85 m3
Height 12' 11"3
3.94 m3
Armament  
Bombs 3,968 lb5
1,800 kg5
  Focke-Wulf Fw 190G-3
Weight  
Empty 7,959 lb3
3,610 kg3
Loaded 11,045 lb3
5,010 kg3
Performance  
Speed at sea level 340 mph3
547 kph3
Speed @ 16,405' /
5,000 m
388 mph3
624 kph3
Cruising speed 262 mph3
422 kph3
Range 497 miles3
800 km3
Range with external fuel 1,052 miles3
1,693 km3
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm3
Bombs 2,755 lb3
1,250 kg3

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  3. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  4. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  5. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  6. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  7. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
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