World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Dornier Do 335 fighter
Nickname: Pfeil ("Arrow")

Photos

  • Dornier Do 335 fighter

Design

The Dornier Do 335 Pfeil used a push pull system patented by Dr. Claude Dornier in 1937.1,3 It wasn't until 1942 that permission was given to build a prototype.3

Engines

The front engine was located in the nose, and the rear engine was located in the middle of the fuselage with a long shaft running to the pusher propellar.1,2

Tail

The tail was in a cruciform shape.1

Undercarriage

The Do 335 had a tricycle undercarriage.1,2

Prototype

The concept of the Dornier Do 335 was tested on a small aircraft, the Go 9, built by Schemp-Hirth.1 The push pull system was shown to work.1

The Do 335V prototype first flew on September 19432 / October 26, 1943.1

Production

  • Dornier Do 335V: 141
  • Dornier Do 335A-0: 101
  • Dornier Do 335A-1: 111
  • Dornier Do 335A-12: 21
  • Total: 371
    • Manufacturer: Dornier Werke GmbH2

Variants

  • Dornier Do 335V: Prototype.1
  • Dornier Do 335A-0: Preproduction.1 Fighter / fighter bomber.3
  • Dornier Do 335A-1: Production model.1 Fighter / fighter bomber.3
  • Dornier Do 335A-6: Proposed night fighter with radar.1,3
  • Dornier Do 335A-10: Proposed night fighter trainer.1
  • Dornier Do 335A-12: Two seat trainer.1 A second cockpit was mounted behind and above the front cockpit.1
  • Dornier Do 335B Zerstörer: Proposed fighter with more powerful cannon armament.1 The internal bay was removed.1
  • Dornier Do 335B-2: Heavy fighter.3 Two Daimler-Benz 603E engines.3
  • Dornier Do 335B-3: Two DB 603LA engines.3
  • Dornier Do 335B-4: Two DB 603LA engines.3
  • Dornier Do 335B-6: Night fighter.3 Two DB 603E engines.3
  • Dornier Do 335B-7: High altitude night fighter.3 Two DB 603LA engines.3
  • Dornier Do 335B-8: High altitude night figther.3 Larger wing area.3
  • Dornier Do 435: Design that had more powerful engines and larger fuselage.3
  • Dornier Do 635: Design that had twin fuselages with a central section inbetween.3 Was to have four engines.3

Usage

Test Unit

In January 1945 a test unit received the Do 335.1 There are no records of any Do 335s in combat with Allied forces.1

Factory Overran

In 1945 the United States forces overran the factory at Oberpfaffenhofen halting all production.1

Specifications

  Dornier Do 335 Pfeil
Type Fighter1,3, Fighter Bomber3, Night Fighter3
Crew 1 or 21,3
Engine (Type) 2: Daimler-Benz 603E3
Cylinders Inverted V 123
Fuel Capacity 407 gallons3
Dimensions  
Span 45' 3"1, 45' 4"3
13.8 m1,3
Length 45' 5.25"1, 45' 6"3
13.85 m1, 13.87 m3
Height 16' 3.5"3, 16' 5"1
5 m1,3
Wing area 414 sq ft3
38.5 sq m3
  Dornier Do 335A-1 Pfeil
Type Fighter2,3, Fighter bomber3
Crew 12,3
Engine (Type) 2: Daimler-Benz DB603E1
2: Daimler Benz DB 603 E-12
OR 2: Daimler-Benz DB603G1
Cylinders Inverted V 121, V 122
Cooling Liquid2
Net HP DB603E: 1,800 each1
DB 603 E-1: 1,800 each2
DB603G: 1,900 each1
Propeller blades 3 each1
Dimensions  
Span 45' 3"2
Length 45' 5"2
Height 16' 5"2
Weight  
Empty 16,314 lb1
7,400 kg1
Normal load 21,160 lb2,3, 21,186 lb1
9,610 kg1,3
Maximum load 25,794 lb1
11,700 kg1
Performance  
Speed at 21,000' /
6,400 m
477 mph3
763 kph3
Speed at 21,325' 474 mph2
Speed at 23,295' /
7,100 m
455 mph1
732 kph1
Cruising speed 295 mph1
475 kph1
Cruising speed at 19,680' /
6,000 m
295 mph3
472 kph3
Service ceiling 37,400'1,2,3
11,400 m1, 11,410 m3
Range 868 miles3, 1,280 miles1,2
1,390 km3, 2,060 km1
Maximum range with
external fuel
2,330 miles1
3,750 km1
Armament 2: MG2
1: 30 mm2
Nose 1: 30 mm1
2: 15 mm1
1: MK 1033
2: MG 151/203
Wings 2: MK 1033
Bombs - internal 1,100 lb1,3
500 kg1,3
  Dornier Do 335A-6 Pfeil
Type Night Fighter3
Crew 23
Pilot, radar operator3
Engine (Type)  
Fuel Capacity 510 gallons3
Weight  
Normal load 22,230 lb3
10,090 kg3
Performance  
Speed at 17,700' /
5,500 m
430 mph3
688 kph3
Cruising Speed at 19,680' /
6,000 m
275 mph3
440 kph3
Service ceiling 33,400'3
10,190 m3
Range 1,290 miles3
2,065 km3
Armament  
Nose 1: MK 1033
2: MG 151/203

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site