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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Dornier Do 335 fighter
Nickname: Pfeil ("Arrow")

Photos

  • Dornier Do 335 fighter

Design

The Dornier Do 335 Pfeil used a push pull system patented by Dr. Claude Dornier in 1937. It wasn't until 1942 that permission was given to build a prototype.

Engines

The front engine was located in the nose, and the rear engine was located in the middle of the fuselage with a long shaft running to the pusher propellar.

Tail

The tail was in a cruciform shape.

Undercarriage

The Do 335 had a tricycle undercarriage.

Prototype

The concept of the Dornier Do 335 was tested on a small aircraft, the Go 9, built by Schemp-Hirth. The push pull system was shown to work.

The Do 335V prototype first flew on September 1943 / October 26, 1943.

Production

  • Dornier Do 335V: 14
  • Dornier Do 335A-0: 10
  • Dornier Do 335A-1: 11
  • Dornier Do 335A-12: 2
  • Total: 37
    • Manufacturer: Dornier Werke GmbH

Variants

  • Dornier Do 335V: Prototype.
  • Dornier Do 335A-0: Preproduction. Fighter / fighter bomber.
  • Dornier Do 335A-1: Production model. Fighter / fighter bomber.
  • Dornier Do 335A-6: Proposed night fighter with radar.
  • Dornier Do 335A-10: Proposed night fighter trainer.
  • Dornier Do 335A-12: Two seat trainer. A second cockpit was mounted behind and above the front cockpit.
  • Dornier Do 335B Zerstörer: Proposed fighter with more powerful cannon armament. The internal bay was removed.
  • Dornier Do 335B-2: Heavy fighter. Two Daimler-Benz 603E engines.
  • Dornier Do 335B-3: Two DB 603LA engines.
  • Dornier Do 335B-4: Two DB 603LA engines.
  • Dornier Do 335B-6: Night fighter. Two DB 603E engines.
  • Dornier Do 335B-7: High altitude night fighter. Two DB 603LA engines.
  • Dornier Do 335B-8: High altitude night figther. Larger wing area.
  • Dornier Do 435: Design that had more powerful engines and larger fuselage.
  • Dornier Do 635: Design that had twin fuselages with a central section inbetween. Was to have four engines.

Usage

Test Unit

In January 1945 a test unit received the Do 335. There are no records of any Do 335s in combat with Allied forces.

Factory Overran

In 1945 the United States forces overran the factory at Oberpfaffenhofen halting all production.

Specifications

  Dornier Do 335 Pfeil
Type Fighter, Fighter Bomber, Night Fighter
Crew 1 or 2
Engine (Type) 2: Daimler-Benz 603E
Cylinders Inverted V 12
Fuel Capacity 407 gallons
Dimensions  
Span 45' 3", 45' 4"
13.8 m
Length 45' 5.25", 45' 6"
13.85 m, 13.87 m
Height 16' 3.5", 16' 5"
5 m
Wing area 414 sq ft
38.5 sq m
  Dornier Do 335A-1 Pfeil
Type Fighter, Fighter bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) 2: Daimler-Benz DB603E
2: Daimler Benz DB 603 E-1
OR 2: Daimler-Benz DB603G
Cylinders Inverted V 12, V 12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP DB603E: 1,800 each
DB 603 E-1: 1,800 each
DB603G: 1,900 each
Propeller blades 3 each
Dimensions  
Span 45' 3"
Length 45' 5"
Height 16' 5"
Weight  
Empty 16,314 lb
7,400 kg
Normal load 21,160 lb, 21,186 lb
9,610 kg
Maximum load 25,794 lb
11,700 kg
Performance  
Speed at 21,000' /
6,400 m
477 mph
763 kph
Speed at 21,325' 474 mph
Speed at 23,295' /
7,100 m
455 mph
732 kph
Cruising speed 295 mph
475 kph
Cruising speed at 19,680' /
6,000 m
295 mph
472 kph
Service ceiling 37,400'
11,400 m, 11,410 m
Range 868 miles, 1,280 miles
1,390 km, 2,060 km
Maximum range with
external fuel
2,330 miles
3,750 km
Armament 2: MG
1: 30 mm
Nose 1: 30 mm
2: 15 mm
1: MK 103
2: MG 151/20
Wings 2: MK 103
Bombs - internal 1,100 lb
500 kg
  Dornier Do 335A-6 Pfeil
Type Night Fighter
Crew 2
Pilot, radar operator
Engine (Type)  
Fuel Capacity 510 gallons
Weight  
Normal load 22,230 lb
10,090 kg
Performance  
Speed at 17,700' /
5,500 m
430 mph
688 kph
Cruising Speed at 19,680' /
6,000 m
275 mph
440 kph
Service ceiling 33,400'
10,190 m
Range 1,290 miles
2,065 km
Armament  
Nose 1: MK 103
2: MG 151/20

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site