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FCM Modèle 36, FCM 36 Infantry Tank , Char Léger FCM-36

Design

Was designed along side the R-35. It was to accompany the infantry.

The prototype, without crew and ammunition, weighed 10 tons.5

Built by the Société des Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée.7 First mass produced French vehicle to be diesel. 100 were ordered in 1936. 100 more going to be ordered but were too expensive.

The engine was built under licence from the British firm Ricardo. Was first French tank with a diesel engine.6

The hull and turret were welded. There were mud chutes running along the top of the tracks.4,6

The suspension was the same as the Char B1.5 It had four bogie wheels mounted in pairs on each side that were controlled by vertical coil springs.5 The was also an independent wheel in front.5

Turret

It had an octagonal shaped turret (APX) with a non-rotating cupola at the back.4,5

Armament

The majority of the FCM-36s had the 37 mm SA-18 L/21 gun installed, however a few may have had the 37 mm SA-38 L/33 gun installed.7

Production

  • FCM-36: 1005,6,7
    • Production: 1936 - ?5, 1936 - 19394,6

Usage

Served alongside R-35.

The 100 vehicles that were built were assigned to two battalions.5 These were the 4e BCC and 7e BCC.7

German Use

Specifications

  FCM Modèle 36, Char Léger FCM-367
Crew Commander, driver
21,2,3,4,6,7
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 26,500 lb,
12,800 kg, 12,350 kg1,4,6
12 tons2,3, 12.15 tons1,4,6,7
Length 13' 10"1,4,6,7, 14' 3.25", 14.58'3, 14' 8"5
4.16 m, 4.22 m1,4,6,7, 4.47 m2
Height 6' 6.5", 7' 0.6"1, 7' 0.61"4,6,7, 7.17'3, 7' 8"5
2.33 m, 2.15 m1,4,6,7, 2.21 m2
Width

6' 4.75"1,4,6,7, 6' 10.5", 7'3,5
1.95 m1,4,6,7, 2.13 m, 2.14 m2

Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 1' 2"
0.36 m2
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 10.67 psi
0.75 (kg/cm2)2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 37 mm1,3,4,5,6
1: 37 mm L/212
1: 37 mm Sa L/21
1: 37 mm SA-18 L/217
OR 1: 37 mm SA-38 L/337
Secondary  
MG 1: MG2
1: 7.5 mm MG1,4
1: 7.55 mm MG6
MG - coaxial 1: MG5
1: 7.5 mm MG3,7
1: 7.5 mm MG31
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 1022
Secondary  
MG 3,0002
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 403,4,6
Hull Front, Upper 25-402
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 202
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear 202
Hull Top 152
Hull Bottom 132
Turret Front 402
Turret Sides 402
Turret Rear 402
Turret Top 142
Engine (Make / Model) Berliet1,2,3,4,6,7, Berliet Type MDP5
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water2,3,4
Cylinders 42,3,4,6,7
Capacity 8.4 liter4,6
Net HP 905, 913,4,6,7, 91@1,550 rpm2
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 5 forward2, 1 reverse2
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel2,3,4,5,6,7
Octane  
Quantity 69 gallons
260 liters2
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 14.9 mph1, 15 mph3,4,5,6,7
24 kph1,2,4,6,7
Speed - Cross Country 7.5 mph
Range - Road 140 miles1,4,5,6,7
225 km1,4,6,7, 230 km2
Range - Cross Country 140 km2
Turning radius 21' 4"
6.5 m2
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 2' 6"
0.8 m2
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Helical springs
Clutches2
Wheels each side 8 wheels in pairs plus 1 at front
82
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width 1' 2"
320 mm2
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Panzer Truppen The Complete Guide to the Creation and Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force 1933-1942, Thomas L. Jentz, 1996
  3. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  4. World War I and II Tanks, George Forty, 2012
  5. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  6. The Illustrated Guide to Tanks of the World, George Forty, 2006
  7. Western Allied Tanks 1939-45, David Porter, 2009
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site