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France's Panhard Et Levassor P 178, Panhard AMD 35 , Panhard 178, Automitrailleuse Panhard et Levassor Type 178, Panhard Modèle 1935, armored car

Photos

Panhard 178 armored car:
France's Panhard 178 armored car
Aberdeen Tank Museum

German Use

4.7cm Pak(f) auf Panzerspähwagen P 204(f) armored car:
Germany's 4.7cm Pak(f) auf Panzerspähwagen P 204(f) armored car
Bundesarchiv, Koblenz

Design

The Panhard Type 178 was to be an armored car that was to be used in French North Africa.3 Initially the Panhard Type 178 was to carry a 37 mm gun in the turret.3

Command version had gun removed and added larger radios.3

Armament

Armament for the Panhard Type 178 varied between two 7.5 mm machine guns to a single 25 mm gun.3

The 25 mm gun fired a 0.7 lb AP shell at a muzzle velocity of 2,953'/sec.5

Drive

The Panhard Type 178 had 4 wheel drive with dual steering that allowed for driving in the reverse direction.3,5

Production

  • Panhard 178: 218 (by September 1939)4, 529
    • Production: 1935 - ?3,5
    • Manufacturer: Panhard2,5
  • Panhard 178B:
    • Production: August 1944 - ?3

Variants

  • Panhard 178:
  • Panhard 178B: Were put into production with a larger turret that contained a 47 mm gun.3

Usage

Panhards were distributed to infantry and cavalry reconnaissance units.3

The three Division Legere Mecanique had 40 of the Panhard 178s.4 There were twelve Panhard 178s in each of the seven GRDIs.4

French Resistance

Forty five Panhard 178s were hidden from the Germans after the French surrender in 1940.3 They didn't have turrets but they were fitted with 25 mm, 47 mm, or machine guns.3 These were distributed to different areas in France, but most were taken over when German forces occupied the areas in November 1942.3

German use

  • Panzerspähwagen Panhard 178-P204(f): In June 1941 190 were issued unmodified to German units. Forty-three were converted to railway protection vehicles with rail wheels installed.3 Some were converted in 1943 by having the turret removed an a 50 mm KwK L/42 installed. Had FuG Spr Ger 'a' radio installed.2 Some had a 37 mm anti tank gun installed.3 Many were kept in France but some were used for anti-partisan and behind the lines duties in the Soviet Union.3

Specifications

  Panhard Et Levassor P 178 Armored Car
Crew 34, 41,2,3,5
Radio ER 264
OR ER294
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 19,040 lb, 18,739 lb
8.07 tons1, 8.3 tons5, 8.5 tons2,3,4
8,200 kg1
Length w/gun 15' 6"5, 15' 8"4, 15' 8.5"3, 15' 8.6"1, 15' 11.5"
4.79 m1,2,3,4
Length w/o gun  
Height 7' 6"5, 7' 7"3,4, 7' 8.5", 7' 8", 7' 9.4"1
2.15 m1, 2.31 m2,3,4
Width 6' 6"5, 6' 7"1,4, 6' 7.25"3, 6' 8"
2.01 m1,2,3,4
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 14"5
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main

1: 25 mm1,4,5
25 mm L/732

Secondary  
MG 1 or 2: 7.5 mm MG1
7.5 mm MG312
7.5 mm M31 MG5
MG - coaxial 1: 7.5 mm MG4
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 1502,5
Secondary  
MG 3,1505, 3,7502
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 131
Hull Front, Upper 0.6"@0°5, 20@21°2
Hull Front, Lower 20@0°2
Hull Sides, Upper 0.5"@0°5, 15@0°2
Hull Sides, Lower 15@0°2
Hull Rear 0.5"@0°5, 15@3°2 & 15@41°2
Hull Top 7@87°2
Hull Bottom 7@90°2
Turret Front 0.6"@0°5, 26@24°2
Mantlet: 26 round2
Turret Sides 0.6"@0°5, 15@26°2
Turret Rear 15@30°2
Turret Top 7@82°2
Engine (Make / Model) Panhard1, Panhard SK2,4, Panhard SS5
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water3,5
Cylinders 44,5
Net HP 1053,4,5
Capacity 6.33 liter3
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 4 forward, 4 reverse2,5
Steering Front or all 4 wheels5
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline3,4,5
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°2,5
Hand.2
Speed - Road 45 mph3,4, 44.7 mph1, 50 mph5
72 kph1,2,3,4
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 187 miles, 186 miles1,3,4, 250 miles5
300 km1,2,3,4
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits -12° to +14°2
Fording depth 1' 8"5, 1' 11.5"3
0.6 m3
Trench crossing 11.75"3
0.6 m3
Vertical obstacle 11.75"3
0.3 m3
Climbing ability 40° slope5
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side 2

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Western Allied Tanks 1939-45, David Porter, 2009
  5. Tank Data 2, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, E. J. Hoffschmidt and W. H. Tantum IV, 1969
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site