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France's Pluton class Cruisers

Design

The Pluton was authorized under the 1925 Program to be a minelayer. She was also able to be a troop transport.

Ships

Pluton

  • Manufacturer: Arsenal de Lorient, Lorient Dock Yards, Lorient Navy Yard
  • April 1928, April 16, 1928: Laid down.
  • April 10, 1929: Launched.
  • April 1931, October 1, 1931: Completed.
  • 1932: Member of the Training Division of the 1st Squadron in Toulon.
  • 1933: Gunnery training ship.
  • 1936: Refit. Aerial supports added to aft funnel. Taller director added above bridge.
  • October 1, 1938: Member of Gunnery Division of the Training Squadron.
  • May 1939: Member of 5th Squadron.
  • September 2, 1939: Sailed for Casablanca.
  • September 13, 1939: Sunk during loading of mines. There were heavy casualties.

Usage

Used as a gunnery training ship before World War II. Was to become a sub-lieutenant trainer and and change her name to La Tour d'Auvergne, but she was lost before that could happen.

Specifications

  Pluton class
Crew 406, 424
Crew - War  
Displacement 4,773 tons, 4,850 tons
Displacement - Loaded 6,500 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 472' 6", 500' 3", 500' 4"
152.5 m
Length - Water Line  
Length - Between Perpendiculars 472' 5", 472' 6"
144 m
Beam 51', 51' 2", 51' 3"
15.6 m
Draft / Height 17'
5.18 m
Draft / Height - Maximum  
Performance  
Speed 30 knots
Range  
Armament 5.45", 13.36 cm M1927: 4
5.5": 4
Anti-Aircraft 7.5 cm: 4
37 mm: 2, 10
13.2 mm triple mount machine guns: 4
Machine Guns: 12
Mines 290
Armor  
Belt - Main  
Control Tower  
Deck - Main  
Magazine  
Turrets  
Engines  
Boilers 4
Shafts  
Turbines Bréguet geard
Bréguet SR geard
HP 57,000
Oil 1,200 tons

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site