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France's Jeanne d'Arc class Cruisers

Photos

Jeanne d'Arc in Vancouver in January 1935:
Jeanne d'Arc in Vancouver in January 1935
City of Vancouver Archives, CVA 99-2851

Design

The 1926 / 19273 / 19292 Program called for a cruiser that would just be used for training.1,3 The order was placed on October 8, 1928.1

The Jeanne d'Arc class would sacrifice some of the usual warship features to allow for more crew space.1 There were only two torpedo tubes, only two shafts with the reduced number of boilers and turbines.1

Aircraft

There was no catapult to launch the aircraft.1,2 There were two Loire-Nieuport 130 flying boats that had to be lowered by cranes into the water.1,2

Ships

Jeanne d'Arc

  • Manufacturer: A & C de St. Nazaire1, A C de St-Nazaire-Penhoët2, St. Nazaire3
  • 19282,3, August 31, 1928: Laid down.1,2,3
  • February 14, 1930: Launched.1,2,3
  • 19313, September 19312, September 14, 1931: Completed.1,2,3
  • 1931 - 1932: Sailed to Brazil, Argentina, Cape Horn, Panama Canal, West Indies, and Morocco.1
  • 1933: World cruise.1
  • 1937 - 1938: World cruise.1
  • 1939: Hunted German blockade runners.1
  • May 1940: With Emile Bertin moved 200 tons of gold reserves to Halifax, Nova Scotia.1
  • June 1940: In Martinique.2
  • June 3, 1943: Joined Allies.2
  • September 9, 1943: Arrived in Casablanca for refit.1
  • September 17 - 19, 1943: Main mast, aircraft equipment, torpedo tubes, and all of the original light anti-aircraft guns removed.1,2 Six 40 mm and twenty 20 mm guns added.1,2 US repair ship Vulcan did work.1
  • January 20, 1944: Arrived in Casablanca for refit.1
  • May 1944: Refit finished.1
  • October 1944 - March 15, 1945: Member of Flank Force and bombarded remaining German positions along Ligurian coast.1

 

Usage

Initially took long training cruises but once World War II started was used to hunt German merchant ships and escort convoys.1

Specifications

  Jeanne d'Arc class
Crew 5052, 5063, 156 midshipmen2,3, 20 instructors2,3
Crew - War 6433, 6481,2
Displacement 6,496 tons1,2,3
Displacement - Loaded 8,950 tons1,2, 9,200 tons3
Physical Characteristics  
Length 557' 9"1,2,3
170 m1,2
Length - Water Line  
Length - Between Perpendiculars 525'1,2,3
160 m1,2
Beam 57' 6"3, 58'1,2
17.7 m1,2
Draft / Height 20' 8"3, 21'1,2
6.4 m1,2
Draft / Height - Maximum  
Performance  
Speed 25 knots1,2,3
Range  
Range at 11 knots 5,200 nautical miles1,2,3
Range at 21 knots 3,200 nautical miles2,3
Armament 6.1" twin turrets: 41,3
6.1" L/55 M1921 twin turrets: 42
Anti-Aircraft 3", 7.5 cm: 41,3
3" L/60: 42
40 mm: 63
37 mm twin mounts: 21,2
20 mm: 203
13.2 mm: 122
13.2 mm triple mounts: 41
Torpedo Tubes 21.7": 21,2
Aircraft 21,2
Armor  
Belt - Main  
Control Tower 1"2
3 cm1
Deck - Main  
Magazine 0.75"2
2 cm1
Turrets  
Engines  
Boilers Penhoët: 41,2,3
Shafts 21,2,3
Turbines Parsons geared2,3
Parsons SR geared1
HP 32,5001,2,3
Oil 1,400 tons1,2

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site