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France's De Grasse class Cruisers

Design

The De Grasse class were to be modified La Galissonnière class cruisers that would be part of the 1937 Program. On 1937 / October 18, 1938 the De Grasse was ordered. In 1939 the Chateaurenault was authorized but it was never ordered. The 1938 Program authorized the Guichen but it also was not ordered.

Aircraft

There were two catapults to launch the aircraft.

Ships

De Grasse

  • Manufacturer: Arsenal de Lorient, Lorient, Lorient Navy Yard
  • August 28, 1939, November 1938: Laid down.
  • September 11, 1945: Launched.
  • September 3, 1956, September 3, 1966: Completed.

Chateaurenault

  • Manufacturer: F & Ch La Seyne, F C de la Méditerranée
  • Cancelled.

Guichen

  • Manufacturer: F & CH Gironde, F C de la Gironde
  • Cancelled.

Specifications

  De Grasse class
Crew 580, 1,074
Displacement 8,000 tons
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length 578' 6", 592'
176.3 m
Length - Water Line  
Length - Between Perpendiculars 570' 9", 570' 10"
174 m, 176.3 m
Beam 59', 60' 4.5"
18 m
Draft / Height 18' 2"
5.54 m
Draft / Height - Maximum  
Performance  
Speed 33 knots, 33.5 knots, 35 knots
Range  
Range at 15 knots  
Armament 6": 9
6" triple turrets: 3
6" L/50 triple turrets: 3
Anti-Aircraft 3.5": 12
3.5" twin mounts: 3
3.5" L/50 twin mounts: 3
40 mm: 28
25 mm: 5
20 mm: 12
13.2 mm machine guns: 4, 8
13.2 mm twin mount machine guns: 2
Torpedo Tubes 21.7": 2 tubes each in 3 mounts, 6
Aircraft 3 or 4, 4
Armor  
Belt - Main  
Control Tower  
Deck  
Turrets  
Engines  
Boilers 4
Indret: 4
Shafts 2
Turbines Rateau-Bretagne geared
Rateau-Bretagne SR geared
Rateau-Chantiers de Bretagne geared
HP 110,000
Oil  

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site