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France's Algérie class Cruisers

Design

The design of the Algérie class fell under the limitations of the Washington Naval Treaty and was in response to the Italian Zara class. An order for the ship was made in August 1930.

There was a single funnel to save on deck space. To help strengthen the hull it was made with a flush deck.

There was more armor to protect against bombs and torpedoes. Though less power output from the engines the hull design was better so the Algérie could go just as fast as some of the other French cruisers.

Aircraft

The aircraft were launched by one catapult that was located on the port side. The catapults propelled the aircraft by an explosion. There was no hanger for the aircraft. They were the Gourdou-Leseurre 810, then the Gourdou-Leseurre 830, and then the Loire-Nieuport 130.

Ships

Algérie

  • Manufacturer: Arsenal de Brest, Brest, Brest Navy Yard
  • March 19, 1931: Laid down.
  • May 21, 1932: Launched.
  • 1934, September 15, 1934: Completed. Joined 1st Squadron in Mediterranean as Flagship.
  • January - March 1937: Refit. Bridge was modified.
  • 1938: Anti-aircraft armament was repositioned.
  • November - December 1938: Modifications were made to be able to carry the Loire-Nieuport 130.
  • September 1939: Flagship of 3rd Squadron.
  • October 4 - November 26, 1939: Hunted for German raiders in Atlantic.
  • December 1939 - January 1940: Cowling on the funnel changed. 37 mm guns updated to 37 mm M1937 twin mounts.
  • 1940 - 1941: Four 37 mm twin mounts and twenty 37 mm guns added. Aircraft equipment removed and tripod mainmast.
  • March 11 - April 10, 1940: Moved 1,179 cases of gold to Halifax.
  • June 13 - 14, 1940: Bombarded Genoa.
  • June 17 - 18, 1940: Escorted convoy.
  • October 1940: Member of Vichy High Seas fleet.
  • November 1940: Escorted Provence after she escaped from Oran.
  • Summer 1941: Four 13.2 mm Brownings added.
  • May - August 1942: Tripod mast replaced by anti-aircraft gun superstructure. This mounted two 37 mm twin mounts, two 13.2 mm Hotchkiss quad mounts, and two 13.2 mm Browning machine guns.
  • November 27, 1942: Scuttled in Toulon.
  • March 18, 1943: Refloated and broken up.

 

Specifications

  Algérie class
Crew 616, 748
Crew - Flagship 629
Displacement 10,000 tons
Displacement - Loaded 13,461 tons, 13,900 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 610' 9", 610' 11", 617'
186.2 m
Length - Water Line 610' 6"
Length - Between Perpendiculars 590' 6, 590' 9"
180 m
Beam 65' 7", 65' 8", 65' 9"
20 m
Draft / Height 20' 2", 20' 3", 24'
6.15 m
Draft / Height - Maximum  
Performance  
Speed 31 knots
Range  
Range at 15 knots 5,000 nautical miles, 8,700 nautical miles
Armament 8", 20.3 cm twin turrets: 4
8": 8
8" L/50 M1924 twin turrets: 4
Anti-Aircraft 3.9": 12
3.9" L/50 M1931 twin mounts: 6
3.93", 10 cm M1930 twin mounts: 6
37 mm: 8
37 mm twin mounts: 4
37 mm M1925 twin mounts: 4
13 mm: 16
13.2 mm: 16
13.2 mm Hotchkiss M1929 quad mounts: 4
Torpedo Tubes 21.7": 3 tubes each in 2 mounts, 6
Aircraft 3
Armor  
Belt - Main 4.33", 4.5", 4.75"
11 cm
Bulkheads - Longitudinal 1.5"
Bulkheads - Transverse 2.75"
Control Tower 2.75" - 3.75"
10 cm
Deck 3"
Deck - Main 1" - 3"
8 cm
Deck - Upper 0.86"
2.2 cm
Torpedo Bulkhead 1.57" - 2.36"
3 cm - 4 cm
Turrets - Front 3.75"
10 cm
Turrets - Rear 7 cm
Turrets - Side 2.75"
7 cm
Turrets - Top 2.75"
Engines  
Boilers Indret: 8
Shafts 4
Turbines Rateau-Chantiers de Bretagne geared
Rateau-Bretagne geareed
Rateau-Bretagne SR
HP 84,000
Oil 1,900 tons, 3,186 tons, 2,935 tons

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site