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France's Arsenal VG-33 fighter

Design

Development of the Arsenal VG-33 started in 1937.

Construction of the Arsenal VG-33 was wood. The VG-33 was a low wing fighter plane.

Prototype

The VG-30 first flew on October 1, 1938 at Villacoublay.

The VG-33 first flew in spring 1939.

Production

An order was placed for 820.

Manufacturing was done at the Chantiers Aéro-Maritimes de la Seine at Sartrouville. By May 1940 there were only 12 completed and 160 more were in the process of being constructed.

  • Arsenal VG-33:
    • Manufacturer: Arsenal de l'Aéronautique

Variants

  • Arsenal VG-30: Prototype. First of series.
  • Arsenal VG-31: Prototype. Smaller wing surface.
  • Arsenal VG-32: Prototype. Same wing size as VG-30. Had Allison V-1710-C15 engine with a supercharger (1,054 HP).
  • Arsenal VG-33: Production model.
  • Arsenal VG-34: Prototype. Had a Hispano-Suiza engine (910 HP). Could go 327 mph / 575 kph at 20,395' / 6,200 m.
  • Arsenal VG-35: Prototype. Had a more powerful engine.
  • Arsenal VG-36: Prototype. Had modified radiator and landing gear.
  • Arsenal VG-39: Prototype. Had a Hispano-Suiza 12Z engine (1,280 HP). Had six MGs. Had a modified wing.

Usage

Never became operational.

Specifications

  Arsenal VG-33
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Hispano-Suiza 12Y, Hispano-Suiza 12Y31
Cylinders V 12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 860
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 35' 5"
10.8 m
Length 28' 4"
8.64 m
Height 10' 10"
3.3 m
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 6,393 lb
2,896 kg
Performance  
Speed @ 17,060' /
5,200 m
347 mph
558 kph
Climb  
Service ceiling 36,090'
11,000 m
Range 745 miles
1,200 km
Armament 1: 20 mm
4: MG
Wings 4: 7.5 mm MG

Sources:

  1. Complete Book of World War II Combat Aircraft, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, Pierluigi Pinto, 1988
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site