World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
France's flagFrance's Aircraft Roundel Marking

France's Farman F.222 bomber

Photos

Farman F.224 transport:
France's Farman F.224 transport

Design

The Farman F.222 was based on the F.220 / F.221 that originated in 1930.

Fuselage

The fuselage was box like.

Wing

The wing was mounted high.

Engines

The Farman F.222 was France's first four engine bomber.

The engines were paired in a push-pull setup. These were mounted on struts between the wing and fuselage.

Landing Gear

The landing gear on the Farman F.222 were retractable.

Prototype

The F.220 and F.221 prototypes first flew in 1935.

Production

  • Farman F.220.01: 1
  • Farman F.221.01: 1
  • Farman F.221 BN5: 10
  • Farman F.221.1 BN5: 11
  • Farman F.222.2 BN5: 24
  • Farman F.224: 6
  • Total: ~50, 53
    • Manufacturer: SNCAC
  • Farman NC.233: ~12

Note: BN5 stands for Bombardment du Nuit Cinq-Place (night bomber with five seats).

Variants

  • Farman F.220: Prototype.
  • Farman F.221: Prototype. Landing gear was fixed.
  • Farman F.221 BN5: Built in 1935 - 1936. Mostly used as transports.
  • Farman F.221.1: Built in 1937.
  • Farman F.222.2: Built in 1937 - 1938. Had a longer nose and dihedral on the outer wings.
  • Farman F.224: Transport version.
  • Farman NC.233: Redesigned F.222.

Usage

First deliveries of the Farman F.222 to operational squadrons was in early 1937.

There were three Armée de l'Air groups that were equipped with the F.222s by September 1939. Two of them were in France and the other in Africa.

The F.222s were initially used to drop leaflets and then for bombing western Germany. The BMW plant in Munich was one of the targets.

French Navy

The F.222s were used for ocean patrol and bombing.

Berlin

The NC.233 were the first Allied aircraft to bomb Berlin. It was a 13 hour 30 minute mission on the night of June 7 and June 8, 1940.

Vichy France

The Vichy used the F.222s for transports.

Free French

As late as 1944 the F.222s were still being used as transports in North Africa.

Specifications

  Farman F.222
Type Bomber, Heavy night bomber
Crew 5
Engine (Type) 4: Gnome-Rhône 14 N
Cylinders Radial 14
Cooling Air
Net HP 950 each
Propeller blade  
Dimensions  
Span 118' 1"
Length 70' 4"
Height 17'
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Maximum load 41,226 lb
Performance  
Speed @ 13,120' /
4,000 m
196 mph
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling 26,250'
Range  
Armament 3: MG
Bombs 9,260 lb
  Farman F.222.2
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) 4: Gnome-Rhône 14N 11/15
Cylinders Radial 14
Cooling  
Net HP 970 each
Propeller blade 3 each
Dimensions  
Span 118' 1"
36 m
Length 70' 4.5"
21.45 m
Height 17'
5.18 m
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 23,122 lb
10,488 kg
Loaded 33,510 lb
15,200 kg
Maximum load 41,226 lb
18,700 kg
Performance  
Speed @ 13,120' /
4,000 m
199 mph
320 kph
Cruising speed 174 mph
280 kph
Climb to 9,840' /
3,000 m
9.7 minutes
Service ceiling 26,250'
8,000 m
Range with 5,510 lb /
2,500 kg bomb load
1,240 miles
1,995 km
Armament  
Nose turret 1: 7.5 mm MG
Dorsal turret 1: 7.5 mm MG
Ventral positions 2: 7.5 mm MG
Bombs 9,260 lb
4,200 kg

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site