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France's Farman F.222 bomber

Photos

Farman F.224 transport:
France's Farman F.224 transport

Design

The Farman F.222 was based on the F.220 / F.2212 that originated in 1930.1,2

Fuselage

The fuselage was box like.1

Wing

The wing was mounted high.1,2

Engines

The Farman F.222 was France's first four engine bomber.2

The engines were paired in a push-pull setup.1,2 These were mounted on struts between the wing and fuselage.1

Landing Gear

The landing gear on the Farman F.222 were retractable.2

Prototype

The F.220 and F.221 prototypes first flew in 1935.1

Production

  • Farman F.220.01: 11
  • Farman F.221.01: 11
  • Farman F.221 BN5: 101
  • Farman F.221.1 BN5: 111
  • Farman F.222.2 BN5: 241
  • Farman F.224: 61
  • Total: ~502, 531
    • Manufacturer: SNCAC2
  • Farman NC.233: ~121

Note: BN5 stands for Bombardment du Nuit Cinq-Place (night bomber with five seats).1

Variants

  • Farman F.220: Prototype.1
  • Farman F.221: Prototype.1 Landing gear was fixed.2
  • Farman F.221 BN5: Built in 1935 - 1936.1 Mostly used as transports.1
  • Farman F.221.1: Built in 1937.1
  • Farman F.222.2: Built in 1937 - 1938.1 Had a longer nose and dihedral on the outer wings.1
  • Farman F.224: Transport version.1
  • Farman NC.233: Redesigned F.222.1

Usage

First deliveries of the Farman F.222 to operational squadrons was in early 1937.2

There were three Armée de l'Air groups that were equipped with the F.222s by September 1939.1 Two of them were in France and the other in Africa.1

The F.222s were initially used to drop leaflets and then for bombing western Germany.1,2 The BMW plant in Munich was one of the targets.1

French Navy

The F.222s were used for ocean patrol and bombing.1

Berlin

The NC.233 were the first Allied aircraft to bomb Berlin.1 It was a 13 hour 30 minute mission on the night of June 7 and June 8, 1940.1

Vichy France

The Vichy used the F.222s for transports.1

Free French

As late as 1944 the F.222s were still being used as transports in North Africa.1

Specifications

  Farman F.2221,2
Type Bomber2, Heavy night bomber1
Crew 51,2
Engine (Type) 4: Gnome-Rhône 14 N2
Cylinders Radial 142
Cooling Air2
Net HP 950 each2
Propeller blade  
Dimensions  
Span 118' 1"2
Length 70' 4"2
Height 17'2
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Maximum load 41,226 lb2
Performance  
Speed @ 13,120' /
4,000 m
196 mph2
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling 26,250'2
Range  
Armament 3: MG2
Bombs 9,260 lb2
  Farman F.222.21
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) 4: Gnome-Rhône 14N 11/151
Cylinders Radial 141
Cooling  
Net HP 970 each1
Propeller blade 3 each1
Dimensions  
Span 118' 1"1
36 m1
Length 70' 4.5"1
21.45 m1
Height 17'1
5.18 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 23,122 lb1
10,488 kg1
Loaded 33,510 lb1
15,200 kg1
Maximum load 41,226 lb1
18,700 kg1
Performance  
Speed @ 13,120' /
4,000 m
199 mph1
320 kph1
Cruising speed 174 mph1
280 kph1
Climb to 9,840' /
3,000 m
9.7 minutes1
Service ceiling 26,250'1
8,000 m1
Range with 5,510 lb /
2,500 kg bomb load
1,240 miles1
1,995 km1
Armament  
Nose turret 1: 7.5 mm MG1
Dorsal turret 1: 7.5 mm MG1
Ventral positions 2: 7.5 mm MG1
Bombs 9,260 lb1
4,200 kg1

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site