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France's Breguet Bre 690 Series bombers
Breguet Bre 691, Breguet Bre 693, Breguet Bre 695

Photos

  • Breguet 690 bomber
  • Breguet 690 bomber

Design

The French air ministry issued a specification for a fighter that could also be used during the day or night in 1934 / October 1934.

Work on the designs started in 1935.

The Breguet 690 prototype was 2,200 lb / 1,000 kg heavier than the specification and was initially rejected. However, it's rival was slower so the Breguet 690 was selected and developed into the Breguet 691.

The engines could be removed and overhauled in 90 minutes.

Prototype

The first flight was in 1937.

The Bre 690 prototype was first flown on March 23, 1938.

The Bre 691 and Bre 693 were first flown in October 1939.

The Bre 695 was first flown in April 1940.

Production

One hundred were initially ordered.

Delays

The production of the Bre 690 series was delayed because the Potez 630 had priority for the Hispano-Suiza engines. The Bre 691 AB-2 was to have 204 built, but the engine situation precluded them from being finished.

  • Breguet Bre 690: 1
  • Breguet Bre 691: 79
  • Breguet Bre 691 AB-2:
  • Breguet Bre 693: 130, 224, 234
  • Breguet Bre 694: 1
  • Breguet Bre 695: 50
  • Breguet Bre 696: 1
  • Total: 356
    • Manufacturer: Breguet

Variants

  • Breguet Bre 690: Initial prototype to be a fighter.
  • Breguet Bre 691: Production model that became the ground attack plane.
  • Breguet Bre 691 AB-2: Ground attack.
  • Breguet Bre 692: New fighter design to meet the initial specifications. Was to have the Gnome-Rhône engines.
  • Breguet Bre 693, Breguet Bre 693.01: Had Gnome-Rhône 14M-6/7 engines.
  • Breguet Bre 694, Breguet Bre 694.01: Reconnaissance bomber. Was to have 2 - 3 crew. Was to built under license by Belgium.
  • Breguet Bre 695: Had two Pratt & Whitney SB4G Twin Wasp radials.
  • Breguet Bre 696: Light bomber. Was to have a larger bomb bay.
  • Breguet Bre 697: Heavy fighter. A fighter prototype based on the Bre 692.
  • Breguet Bre 700: Was to be the production version of the Bre 697.

Usage

By May 1940 a few units, mostly with the Groupement 18, were equipped with the Breguet 593.

The Bre 695 did enter service in 1940 but was used by the GBA 151 of the Armée de l'Air Armistice (Vichy French Air Force) until late 1942.

Italy

In 1943 the remaining Breguets (around 3 dozen) were transferred to Italy and used by the Regia Aeronautica as trainers.

Specifications

  Breguet 690 series
Type Light attack bomber
Crew 2
Dimensions  
Span 50' 5"
15.37 m
Length 33' 5"
10.18 m
Height 10' 6"
3.2 m
Armament  
Nose 1: 20 mm
2: 7.5 mm MG
Rear firing 1: 7.5 mm MG
Rear cockpit 1: 7.5 mm MG
Engine nacelles, rear firing - Late models 2: 7.5 mm MG
Bombs 8: 110 lb
8: 50 kg
  Breguet 690
Type Attack bomber
Engine (Type) 2
Cylinders Radial
Cooling Air
Net HP ~700 each
Dimensions  
Span 50' 6"
Length 32' 1"
Height 11' 5"
Weight  
Normal load 11,550 lb
Performance  
Speed 310 mph
Range 1,150 miles
  Breguet Bre 691
Type Attack
Crew 2
Engine (Type) 2: Hispano-Suiza A4 Ab
2: Hispano Suiza 14AB10/11
Cylinders Radial 14
Cooling Air
Net HP 700 each
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span 50' 5"
Length 31' 8"
Height 10' 5"
Weight  
Maximum load 11,023 lb
Performance  
Speed at 13,120' 298 mph
Service ceiling 27,900'
Range 840 miles
Armament 1: 20 mm
4: MG
Bombs 880 lb
  Breguet Bre 693
Type Attack bomber
Crew 2
Engine (Type) 2: Gnome-Rhône 14M-5/7
2: Gnome-Rhône 14M6/7
Cylinders Radial, Radial 14
Net HP 700 each
Dimensions  
Span 50' 5", 51' 7"
15.37 m, 15.73 m
Length 31' 8.75", 31' 9"
9.67 m
Height 10' 5", 10' 5.75"
3.19 m
Wing area 32 sq ft, 314 ft2
29.2 m2
Weight  
Empty 6,622 lb, 6,636
3,010 kg
Normal load 9,920 lb
4,500 kg
Maximum load 10,780 lb, 10,800 lb, 10,803 lb
4,900 kg
Performance  
Speed 304 mph
490 kph
Speed at 16,400' / 5,000 m 304 mph
489 kph, 490 kph
Cruising speed 185 mph, 186 - 248 mph
299 kph, 300 - 400 kph
Cruising Speed at 13,125' / 4,000 m 248 mph
400 kph
Climb to 13,120' / 4,000 m 7.2 minutes
Service ceiling 16,400', 27,885'
5,000 m, 8,500 m
Range 837 miles, 839 miles, 840 miles
1,350 km, 1,352 km
Armament 1: 20 mm Hispano Suiza
3: 7.5 mm Darne MG
Cockpit - Rear 1: 7.5 mm Darne MG
Forward Firing 1: 20 mm Hispano-Suiza
2: 7.5 mm Darne MG
Ventral 1: 7.5 mm Darne MG
Engine Nacelles Rear Firing - Late Models 2: 7.5 mm Darne MG
Bombs 880 lb, 882 lb
400 kg

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of World War II, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  4. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  5. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
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