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Canada's Car, Heavy Utility, 4x2 Ford C 11 ADF

Design

The Ford C 11 was originally designed as a civilian station wagon and it was converted into a military vehicle in 1942. Rifle racks were installed, map holders, first aid equipment, stronger bumpers, roof rack, and other military tools.

There were four doors with a split rear door.

The Ford C 11 had the drive controls on the right to conform to British use.

Construction

The Ford C 11 had an all steel body.

Variants

  • Ford C 11 ADF:
  • Ford C 11 A 5: Could carry seven passengers. The luggage space was removed to allow for the two additional passengers.
  • Ford C 11 ?: Based on the Ford's 1941 chassis. It was 200 lb / 91 kg heavier. The radiator and body style were slightly different. Some had racks for carrying fuel and water cans.

Usage

Canadian Army

The Canadian Army used very few of the Ford C 11s.

British Army

The British Army was the main user of the Ford C 11. Used mainly in Africa and Italy.

Specifications

  Car, Heavy Utility, 4x2 Ford C 11 ADF
Crew 1
Passengers 5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 3,990 lb, 4,000 lb
1,814 kg
Length 16' 2"
4.93 m
Height 6'
1.83 m
Width 6' 7"
2.01 m
Ground clearance  
Ground pressure  
Armament  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Engine (Make / Model) 1: Ford Mercury
Cylinders V-8
Capacity 3.91 l
Net HP 95
Transmission 3 Forward, 1 Reverse
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Speed - Road 56 mph
90 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 311 miles
500 km
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth 1' 4"
0.4 m
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Tires C 11 ADF: 9.00x13
C 11 AS: 6.00x13

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  2. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site