Battle against a Raider
The HMAS Sydney encountered the German Raider Kormoran off Sharks Bay, Australia. The Kormoran was allowed to get too close and in the ensuing battle the Sydney was badly damaged and on fire when it sailed out of site never to be seen again.
All hands were lost.
The Kormoran did sink as well but there were survivors.
Battle of the Java Sea
The HMAS Perth and USS Houston were the only survivors of the Battle of the Java Sea.